Physiological self-regulation and mindfulness in children with a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

Natasha Reid*, Paul Harnett, Frances O’Callaghan, Doug Shelton, Melissa Wyllie, Sharon Dawe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To explore the differences in baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) between children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and typically developing children (TDC) and to investigate whether children with FASD have the capacity to engage in a brief mindfulness exercise. Methods: Participants were 14 children with FASD and 20 TDC. RSA was measured at baseline, during, and following a mindfulness exercise. A mindfulness compliance checklist was completed to ascertain if children could follow the task instructions. Results: Both groups obtained high scores on the mindfulness compliance checklist. There was a trend for children with FASD to have lower baseline RSA compared to TDC. Children in both groups demonstrated an increase in RSA during the mindfulness task. Conclusions: Children with FASD could engage in a mindfulness task, and both groups showed an increase in RSA. Further research is needed to establish whether prolonged mindfulness practice could be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-233
Number of pages6
JournalDevelopmental Neurorehabilitation
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

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