Pharmacist perspectives towards pharmaceutical care services in neonatal intensive care units in Australia and Poland

Natalia Krzyżaniak*, Iga Pawłowska, Beata Bajorek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to, first, investigate the perceptions of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) pharmacists and directors of pharmacy in Australia and Poland regarding their level of preparation to perform pharmaceutical care services in the NICU, and second, identify practice barriers and ways to improve services. Method: A cross-sectional, electronic-based survey was distributed among NICU pharmacists and directors of pharmacy working in hospitals with a NICU in Australia and Poland. The survey comprised 12 items, and the majority of questions were fixed binary ‘agree/disagree’ answers, supplemented by open-ended questions. Results: A total of 29 participants from Australia and 20 from Poland completed the survey. Overall, it is apparent that Australian pharmacists felt more competent in clinical and educational roles than Polish participants. For 14 of the 15 clinical roles listed, more than 70% of Australian participants felt that pharmacists had a ‘good’ level of preparation to provide services to the NICU, including performing medication chart reviews (93.1%) and pharmaceutical interventions (96.6%), and collaborating with medical and nursing staff (93.1%). A significantly higher proportion of Polish than Australian pharmacists agreed that changes were needed to improve pharmacist practice in the NICU (90 vs. 53.6%; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Future efforts should focus on developing guidelines and practice standards for sub-specialties of pharmacist practice, such as neonatology, to promote the standardization of practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-582
Number of pages10
JournalDrugs and Therapy Perspectives
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

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