Person-Environment Fit Theory: Application to the design of work environments

Lynne Audrey Armitage, Johari Hussein Nassor Amar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

In a world where personalities are so different, many researchers have shown that the most successful organisations are those with a workplace designed to accentuate positive psychological aspects i.e. behavioural traits, physical need and social wellbeing. As such, organisations have leveraged person-environment fit theory to create workplace environments designed to balance psychological aspects of individuals’ need to collectively elevate workforce performance and productivity. It is no surprise that the work environment has evolved since the 1960s from cubicles to open-plan and, recently, to activity-based flexible spaces that bring together the physical and digital workplaces. This chapter focusses on ‘person-environment fit’ theory, which aims to provide literature relating to the theoretical underpinning of its distinctive concepts and, indeed, how organisations conceive and posit theory in designing their workplaces. Then, it presents two metrics to shed light on the impacts of aligning PE-fit with the workplace, both positively and negatively as applicable, and whether this has led to improved performance and productivity. Also worthy of final note, it addresses some of the limitations which have arisen and seeks to outline new imperatives.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationA Handbook of Theories on Designing Fit Between People and the Office Environment
Editors Rianne Appel-Meulenbroek, Vitalija Danivska
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter2
Pages14-26
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781003128830
ISBN (Print) 978-0-367-65299-9 , 978-0-367-65308-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2021

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