Patients’ experiences of and roles in interprofessional collaborative practice in primary care: a constructivist grounded theory study

Alexandra R Davidson*, Mark Morgan, Lauren E. Ball, Dianne Patricia Reidlinger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Aim:
This constructivist grounded theory study aimed to (1) explore patients’ experiences of and roles in interprofessional collaborative practice for chronic conditions in primary care and (2) consider the relevance and alignment of an existing theoretical framework on patients’ roles and based on the experiences of patient advocates.

Background:
High-quality management of chronic conditions requires an interprofessional collaborative practice model of care considering an individual’s mental, physical, and social health situation. Patients’ experiences of this model in the primary care setting are relatively unknown.

Methods:
A constructivist grounded theory approach was taken. Interview data were collected from primary care patients with chronic conditions across Australia in August 2020 – February 2022. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed by (1) initial line-by-line coding, (2) focused coding, (3) memo writing, (4) categorisation, and (5) theme and sub-theme development. Themes and sub-themes were mapped against an existing theoretical framework to expand and confirm the results from a previous study with a similar research aim.

Findings:
Twenty adults with chronic conditions spanning physical disability, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, autoimmune, and mental health conditions participated. Two themes were developed: (1) Adapting to Change with two sub-themes describing how patients adapt to interprofessional team care and (2) Shifting across the spectrum of roles, with five sub-themes outlining the roles patients enact while receiving care. The findings suggest that patients’ roles are highly variable and fluid in interprofessional collaborative practice, and further work is recommended to develop a resource to support greater patient engagement in interprofessional collaborative practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPrimary Health Care Research and Development
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 May 2024

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