Parental bonding, adult attachment, and theory of mind: A developmental model of alexithymia and alcohol-related risk

Michael Lyvers, Kaitlin Mayer, Katarina Needham, Fred Arne Thorberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: A developmental model of alexithymia in relation to alcohol-related risk was examined. Method: Validated indices of parental bonding, adult attachment, alexithymia, theory of mind (ToM), alcohol-related risk, and mood were administered to a nonclinical sample of 286 alcohol-using men and women. Results: Hierarchical regression incorporating demographic and psychosocial variables accounted for 44% of the variance in alexithymia. Modeling indicated a significant path from dysfunctional maternal bonding to insecure adult attachment to alexithymia to risky drinking; a separate path indicated an indirect effect of alexithymia in association between the deficient ToM and risky drinking. Conclusions: Findings were consistent with a developmental model where dysfunctional parental bonding in childhood manifests in adulthood as insecure attachment and alexithymia, the latter reflecting the insufficient acquisition of emotion regulation skills; alexithymia, in turn, increases the risk of problematic drinking as an emotion regulation strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1288-1304
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume75
Issue number7
Early online date8 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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Theory of Mind
Affective Symptoms
Alcohols
Drinking
Emotions
Object Attachment
Alcohol
Alexithymia
Mothers
Demography

Cite this

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title = "Parental bonding, adult attachment, and theory of mind: A developmental model of alexithymia and alcohol-related risk",
abstract = "Objective: A developmental model of alexithymia in relation to alcohol-related risk was examined. Method: Validated indices of parental bonding, adult attachment, alexithymia, theory of mind (ToM), alcohol-related risk, and mood were administered to a nonclinical sample of 286 alcohol-using men and women. Results: Hierarchical regression incorporating demographic and psychosocial variables accounted for 44{\%} of the variance in alexithymia. Modeling indicated a significant path from dysfunctional maternal bonding to insecure adult attachment to alexithymia to risky drinking; a separate path indicated an indirect effect of alexithymia in association between the deficient ToM and risky drinking. Conclusions: Findings were consistent with a developmental model where dysfunctional parental bonding in childhood manifests in adulthood as insecure attachment and alexithymia, the latter reflecting the insufficient acquisition of emotion regulation skills; alexithymia, in turn, increases the risk of problematic drinking as an emotion regulation strategy.",
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Parental bonding, adult attachment, and theory of mind : A developmental model of alexithymia and alcohol-related risk. / Lyvers, Michael; Mayer, Kaitlin; Needham, Katarina; Thorberg, Fred Arne.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 7, 01.07.2019, p. 1288-1304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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