Osteoporosis and the effect of dysregulation of the transsulfuration pathway via taurine on intracellular calcium homeostasis, vitamin D absorption and vitamin K absorption

Thomas M. Berry, Ahmed A. Moustafa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessionalpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & aims: In this article we connect the dysregulation of the transsulfuration pathway to bone dysregulations and propose a novel treatment for osteoporosis. Current treatments for osteoporosis are very frequently inadequate. In osteoporosis, the risk of fractures increases with increased homocysteine (Hcy). Methods: Here, we conduct a review on the relationship between osteoporosis and the dysregulation of the transsulfuration pathway. Results: we show that the transsulfuration pathway metabolizes Hcy to L-cysteine. Increased Hcy levels point to the transsulfuration pathway being dysregulated. With the transsulfuration pathway dysregulated, there will be decreased levels of L-cysteine and decreased levels of taurine, which is synthesized from L-cysteine. Taurine levels are decreased in patients with osteoporosis. Taurine regulates intracellular calcium homeostasis. Taurine, also, when conjugated with bile acids assists with absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin D and vitamin K. Dysregulated calcium homeostasis, decreased calcium absorption and decreased absorption of vitamin D and vitamin K due to low levels of taurine negatively affect bone mineral density (BMD) leading to osteoporosis and fractures. Conclusions: In this article, we propose that a combination of taurine, calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K, could increase BMD reducing number of years spent in disability and reducing deaths due to fractures in patients with osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-196
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Nutrition ESPEN
Volume43
Early online date16 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

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