Oral assessment and postgraduate medical examinations: Establishing conditions for validity, reliability and fairness

Muhammed Ashraf Memon, Gordon Rowland Joughin, Breda Memon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to examine the practice of oral assessment in postgraduate medical education in the context of the core assessment constructs of validity, reliability and fairness. Although oral assessment has a long history in the certification process of medical specialists and is a well-established part of such proceedings for a wide range of specialties in most countries, there remains concern regarding its use. Therefore, there has been some move away from oral assessment for postgraduate medical education in some countries. This review also highlights the complexity of oral assessment as an examination format, partly through a consideration of the six dimensions of oral assessment, and raises concerns about the validity, reliability and fairness of such an assessment procedure for the award of certification of completion of the specialist training. Supporting high quality published research into examination practices and outcomes and acting on the findings of such research is needed urgently to allay concerns about the transparency and fairness of these examinations, especially when assessing international medical graduates. The article concludes by proposing 15 conditions under which oral assessment is valid, reliable and fair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-289
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

medical examination
Certification
Medical Education
Reproducibility of Results
fairness
Research
History
examination
certification
medical specialist
transparency
education
graduate
history

Cite this

Memon, Muhammed Ashraf ; Joughin, Gordon Rowland ; Memon, Breda. / Oral assessment and postgraduate medical examinations : Establishing conditions for validity, reliability and fairness. In: Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2010 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 277-289.
@article{2a72f58c5c7547c08d9f7aa752088495,
title = "Oral assessment and postgraduate medical examinations: Establishing conditions for validity, reliability and fairness",
abstract = "The purpose of this review was to examine the practice of oral assessment in postgraduate medical education in the context of the core assessment constructs of validity, reliability and fairness. Although oral assessment has a long history in the certification process of medical specialists and is a well-established part of such proceedings for a wide range of specialties in most countries, there remains concern regarding its use. Therefore, there has been some move away from oral assessment for postgraduate medical education in some countries. This review also highlights the complexity of oral assessment as an examination format, partly through a consideration of the six dimensions of oral assessment, and raises concerns about the validity, reliability and fairness of such an assessment procedure for the award of certification of completion of the specialist training. Supporting high quality published research into examination practices and outcomes and acting on the findings of such research is needed urgently to allay concerns about the transparency and fairness of these examinations, especially when assessing international medical graduates. The article concludes by proposing 15 conditions under which oral assessment is valid, reliable and fair.",
author = "Memon, {Muhammed Ashraf} and Joughin, {Gordon Rowland} and Breda Memon",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1007/s10459-008-9111-9",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "277--289",
journal = "Advances in Health Sciences Education",
issn = "1382-4996",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

Oral assessment and postgraduate medical examinations : Establishing conditions for validity, reliability and fairness. / Memon, Muhammed Ashraf; Joughin, Gordon Rowland; Memon, Breda.

In: Advances in Health Sciences Education, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2010, p. 277-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral assessment and postgraduate medical examinations

T2 - Establishing conditions for validity, reliability and fairness

AU - Memon, Muhammed Ashraf

AU - Joughin, Gordon Rowland

AU - Memon, Breda

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The purpose of this review was to examine the practice of oral assessment in postgraduate medical education in the context of the core assessment constructs of validity, reliability and fairness. Although oral assessment has a long history in the certification process of medical specialists and is a well-established part of such proceedings for a wide range of specialties in most countries, there remains concern regarding its use. Therefore, there has been some move away from oral assessment for postgraduate medical education in some countries. This review also highlights the complexity of oral assessment as an examination format, partly through a consideration of the six dimensions of oral assessment, and raises concerns about the validity, reliability and fairness of such an assessment procedure for the award of certification of completion of the specialist training. Supporting high quality published research into examination practices and outcomes and acting on the findings of such research is needed urgently to allay concerns about the transparency and fairness of these examinations, especially when assessing international medical graduates. The article concludes by proposing 15 conditions under which oral assessment is valid, reliable and fair.

AB - The purpose of this review was to examine the practice of oral assessment in postgraduate medical education in the context of the core assessment constructs of validity, reliability and fairness. Although oral assessment has a long history in the certification process of medical specialists and is a well-established part of such proceedings for a wide range of specialties in most countries, there remains concern regarding its use. Therefore, there has been some move away from oral assessment for postgraduate medical education in some countries. This review also highlights the complexity of oral assessment as an examination format, partly through a consideration of the six dimensions of oral assessment, and raises concerns about the validity, reliability and fairness of such an assessment procedure for the award of certification of completion of the specialist training. Supporting high quality published research into examination practices and outcomes and acting on the findings of such research is needed urgently to allay concerns about the transparency and fairness of these examinations, especially when assessing international medical graduates. The article concludes by proposing 15 conditions under which oral assessment is valid, reliable and fair.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954042992&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10459-008-9111-9

DO - 10.1007/s10459-008-9111-9

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 277

EP - 289

JO - Advances in Health Sciences Education

JF - Advances in Health Sciences Education

SN - 1382-4996

IS - 2

ER -