Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag

Matthew R. Moreno, Jay Dawes, Katherine Balfany, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: One of the critical job tasks identified for law enforcement
fficers is the ability to rescue a person in immediate danger. For this reason, some law enforcement agencies (LEA) administer a body drag (BD) as part of their state-mandated Work Sample Test battery (WSTB). The BD is one of five events in the WSTB, and recruits must pass this test to graduate training academy. However, the dummy used for this test weighs 75 kg while the average US adult male currently weighs ~91 kg. Before agencies can update their standards, research is needed to determine the physical characteristics required to successfully perform the BD with lighter and heavier masses.

PURPOSE: To examine how lower-body strength and power correlate to dragging a 75-kg and 91-kg dummy.

METHODS: Thirty (19 male, 11 female) college-aged students were recruited for this study. Subjects were age-matched to a typical law enforcement recruit cohort. Testing occurred over three days; day 1 included anthropometrics, standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and a 1RM hexagonal bar deadlift (HBDL). Relative SBJ was calculated from SBJ scores (RSBJ), peak anaerobic power
measured in watts (PAPw) was calculated from VJ and body mass, relative power was calculated by dividing the PAPw value by the participants body mass. Relative strength was calculated by dividing the HBDL by the participant’s body mass (RHDBL). A counterbalanced approach was used for days 2 and 3 which consisted of dragging a 75-kg dummy or a 91-kg dummy 9.75 m. The BD
was performed according to the LEA standards. Subjects squatted down and put their arms under the dummy’s arms and across its chest. The subject then lifted the dummy and stood in an upright position and started backpedaling towards the finish line. Timing started once the dummy’s feet crossed the start line and ended when the feet crossed the finish line. Velocity was calculated by
dividing 9.75 m by the BD time. Partial correlations controlling for sex calculated the relationship between the performance measures and the BD velocities.

RESULTS: Table 1 displays the partial correlations data. HBDL and PAPw were significantly correlated with performance on both dummy masses. SBJ and VJ were only correlated with performance in the 75-kg dummy. Body mass also
correlated with 91 kg BD velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Controlling for sex, absolute strength (HDBL) and absolute power (PAPw) were important physical qualities for BD performance regardless of the dummy mass. Combined with the findings that the relative measures were not significant for both masses, these results suggest that the heavier dummy mass requires a specific amount of absolute strength and power to successfully move.

PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: LEA staff, should they upgrade their BD testing to heavier dummies or wish to develop the physical capability of dragging a heavier mass, should emphasize maximal lower-body strength and power training to ensure successful task performance.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2019
Event42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition - Washington Marriott Wardman Park, Washington DC, United States
Duration: 10 Jul 201913 Jul 2019

Conference

Conference42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition
Abbreviated titleNSCA
CountryUnited States
CityWashington DC
Period10/07/1913/07/19
OtherNational Strength and Conditioning Association National Conference National Strength and Conditioning Association National Conference. The NSCA advances the profession by supporting strength and conditioning professionals devoted to helping others discover and maximize their strengths. We disseminate research-based knowledge and its practical application by offering industry-leading certifications, research journals, career development services, and continuing education opportunities.

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Law Enforcement
Foot
Arm
Body Weights and Measures
Resistance Training
Task Performance and Analysis
Thorax
Students
Research
Power (Psychology)

Cite this

Moreno, M. R., Dawes, J., Balfany, K., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2019). Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag. Poster session presented at 42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition, Washington DC, United States.
Moreno, Matthew R. ; Dawes, Jay ; Balfany, Katherine ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Lockie, Robert G. / Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag. Poster session presented at 42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition, Washington DC, United States.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: One of the critical job tasks identified for law enforcement fficers is the ability to rescue a person in immediate danger. For this reason, some law enforcement agencies (LEA) administer a body drag (BD) as part of their state-mandated Work Sample Test battery (WSTB). The BD is one of five events in the WSTB, and recruits must pass this test to graduate training academy. However, the dummy used for this test weighs 75 kg while the average US adult male currently weighs ~91 kg. Before agencies can update their standards, research is needed to determine the physical characteristics required to successfully perform the BD with lighter and heavier masses. PURPOSE: To examine how lower-body strength and power correlate to dragging a 75-kg and 91-kg dummy. METHODS: Thirty (19 male, 11 female) college-aged students were recruited for this study. Subjects were age-matched to a typical law enforcement recruit cohort. Testing occurred over three days; day 1 included anthropometrics, standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and a 1RM hexagonal bar deadlift (HBDL). Relative SBJ was calculated from SBJ scores (RSBJ), peak anaerobic powermeasured in watts (PAPw) was calculated from VJ and body mass, relative power was calculated by dividing the PAPw value by the participants body mass. Relative strength was calculated by dividing the HBDL by the participant’s body mass (RHDBL). A counterbalanced approach was used for days 2 and 3 which consisted of dragging a 75-kg dummy or a 91-kg dummy 9.75 m. The BDwas performed according to the LEA standards. Subjects squatted down and put their arms under the dummy’s arms and across its chest. The subject then lifted the dummy and stood in an upright position and started backpedaling towards the finish line. Timing started once the dummy’s feet crossed the start line and ended when the feet crossed the finish line. Velocity was calculated bydividing 9.75 m by the BD time. Partial correlations controlling for sex calculated the relationship between the performance measures and the BD velocities. RESULTS: Table 1 displays the partial correlations data. HBDL and PAPw were significantly correlated with performance on both dummy masses. SBJ and VJ were only correlated with performance in the 75-kg dummy. Body mass alsocorrelated with 91 kg BD velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Controlling for sex, absolute strength (HDBL) and absolute power (PAPw) were important physical qualities for BD performance regardless of the dummy mass. Combined with the findings that the relative measures were not significant for both masses, these results suggest that the heavier dummy mass requires a specific amount of absolute strength and power to successfully move. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: LEA staff, should they upgrade their BD testing to heavier dummies or wish to develop the physical capability of dragging a heavier mass, should emphasize maximal lower-body strength and power training to ensure successful task performance.",
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Moreno, MR, Dawes, J, Balfany, K, Orr, RM & Lockie, RG 2019, 'Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag' 42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition, Washington DC, United States, 10/07/19 - 13/07/19, .

Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag. / Moreno, Matthew R. ; Dawes, Jay; Balfany, Katherine ; Orr, Rob Marc; Lockie, Robert G.

2019. Poster session presented at 42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition, Washington DC, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag

AU - Moreno, Matthew R.

AU - Dawes, Jay

AU - Balfany, Katherine

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Lockie, Robert G.

PY - 2019/7/10

Y1 - 2019/7/10

N2 - INTRODUCTION: One of the critical job tasks identified for law enforcement fficers is the ability to rescue a person in immediate danger. For this reason, some law enforcement agencies (LEA) administer a body drag (BD) as part of their state-mandated Work Sample Test battery (WSTB). The BD is one of five events in the WSTB, and recruits must pass this test to graduate training academy. However, the dummy used for this test weighs 75 kg while the average US adult male currently weighs ~91 kg. Before agencies can update their standards, research is needed to determine the physical characteristics required to successfully perform the BD with lighter and heavier masses. PURPOSE: To examine how lower-body strength and power correlate to dragging a 75-kg and 91-kg dummy. METHODS: Thirty (19 male, 11 female) college-aged students were recruited for this study. Subjects were age-matched to a typical law enforcement recruit cohort. Testing occurred over three days; day 1 included anthropometrics, standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and a 1RM hexagonal bar deadlift (HBDL). Relative SBJ was calculated from SBJ scores (RSBJ), peak anaerobic powermeasured in watts (PAPw) was calculated from VJ and body mass, relative power was calculated by dividing the PAPw value by the participants body mass. Relative strength was calculated by dividing the HBDL by the participant’s body mass (RHDBL). A counterbalanced approach was used for days 2 and 3 which consisted of dragging a 75-kg dummy or a 91-kg dummy 9.75 m. The BDwas performed according to the LEA standards. Subjects squatted down and put their arms under the dummy’s arms and across its chest. The subject then lifted the dummy and stood in an upright position and started backpedaling towards the finish line. Timing started once the dummy’s feet crossed the start line and ended when the feet crossed the finish line. Velocity was calculated bydividing 9.75 m by the BD time. Partial correlations controlling for sex calculated the relationship between the performance measures and the BD velocities. RESULTS: Table 1 displays the partial correlations data. HBDL and PAPw were significantly correlated with performance on both dummy masses. SBJ and VJ were only correlated with performance in the 75-kg dummy. Body mass alsocorrelated with 91 kg BD velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Controlling for sex, absolute strength (HDBL) and absolute power (PAPw) were important physical qualities for BD performance regardless of the dummy mass. Combined with the findings that the relative measures were not significant for both masses, these results suggest that the heavier dummy mass requires a specific amount of absolute strength and power to successfully move. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: LEA staff, should they upgrade their BD testing to heavier dummies or wish to develop the physical capability of dragging a heavier mass, should emphasize maximal lower-body strength and power training to ensure successful task performance.

AB - INTRODUCTION: One of the critical job tasks identified for law enforcement fficers is the ability to rescue a person in immediate danger. For this reason, some law enforcement agencies (LEA) administer a body drag (BD) as part of their state-mandated Work Sample Test battery (WSTB). The BD is one of five events in the WSTB, and recruits must pass this test to graduate training academy. However, the dummy used for this test weighs 75 kg while the average US adult male currently weighs ~91 kg. Before agencies can update their standards, research is needed to determine the physical characteristics required to successfully perform the BD with lighter and heavier masses. PURPOSE: To examine how lower-body strength and power correlate to dragging a 75-kg and 91-kg dummy. METHODS: Thirty (19 male, 11 female) college-aged students were recruited for this study. Subjects were age-matched to a typical law enforcement recruit cohort. Testing occurred over three days; day 1 included anthropometrics, standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and a 1RM hexagonal bar deadlift (HBDL). Relative SBJ was calculated from SBJ scores (RSBJ), peak anaerobic powermeasured in watts (PAPw) was calculated from VJ and body mass, relative power was calculated by dividing the PAPw value by the participants body mass. Relative strength was calculated by dividing the HBDL by the participant’s body mass (RHDBL). A counterbalanced approach was used for days 2 and 3 which consisted of dragging a 75-kg dummy or a 91-kg dummy 9.75 m. The BDwas performed according to the LEA standards. Subjects squatted down and put their arms under the dummy’s arms and across its chest. The subject then lifted the dummy and stood in an upright position and started backpedaling towards the finish line. Timing started once the dummy’s feet crossed the start line and ended when the feet crossed the finish line. Velocity was calculated bydividing 9.75 m by the BD time. Partial correlations controlling for sex calculated the relationship between the performance measures and the BD velocities. RESULTS: Table 1 displays the partial correlations data. HBDL and PAPw were significantly correlated with performance on both dummy masses. SBJ and VJ were only correlated with performance in the 75-kg dummy. Body mass alsocorrelated with 91 kg BD velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Controlling for sex, absolute strength (HDBL) and absolute power (PAPw) were important physical qualities for BD performance regardless of the dummy mass. Combined with the findings that the relative measures were not significant for both masses, these results suggest that the heavier dummy mass requires a specific amount of absolute strength and power to successfully move. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: LEA staff, should they upgrade their BD testing to heavier dummies or wish to develop the physical capability of dragging a heavier mass, should emphasize maximal lower-body strength and power training to ensure successful task performance.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Moreno MR, Dawes J, Balfany K, Orr RM, Lockie RG. Only the strong survive: Relationships between lower-body strength and power with the 75-kg and 91-kg body drag. 2019. Poster session presented at 42nd National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) National Conference and Exhibition, Washington DC, United States.