Online Delivery of Emotional Freedom Techniques for Food Cravings and Weight Management: 2-Year Follow-Up

Peta Berenice Stapleton*, Evangeline Lilley-Hale, Glenn Mackintosh, Emma Sparenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Growing obesity rates are a problem worldwide. Several studies of emotional freedom techniques (EFT), a brief psychophysiologic technique, have indicated that it may be a promising addition to traditional weight loss interventions.

Objective: The current study evaluated food cravings, dietary restraint, subjective power of food, weight changes, and self-reported symptoms (e.g., somatic, anxious, and depressive) 2 years after an 8-week online self-directed EFT intervention with additional online support.

Design: Participants were initially randomly allocated to a treatment or waitlist group. The treatment group was instructed to self-pace through an online EFT treatment program made up of seven modules throughout the 8-week intervention period, and the waitlist was also completed at the end of this period.

Results: Analyses of the online EFT intervention program indicated significantly reduced scores for food cravings (−28.2%), power of food (−26.7%), depression (−12.3%), anxiety (−23.3%), and somatic symptoms (−10.6%) from pre to postintervention and from pre (baseline) until the 2-year follow-up and significantly improved scores for restraint (+13.4%). Further improvements were experienced for carbohydrates and fast food cravings between 6 months and 2 years. Body Mass Index and weight significantly decreased from pre- to 12 months follow-up although there were no differences at the 2-year point.

Conclusions: As an online intervention program, EFT was very effective in reducing food cravings, perceived power of food, psychologic symptomatology, and improving dietary restraint and maintaining those improvements over a 2-year period. The addition of EFT to traditional weight loss interventions is timely and supported by this research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Nov 2019

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Weights and Measures
Food
Weight Loss
Fast Foods
Craving
Body Mass Index
Anxiety
Obesity
Carbohydrates
Depression
Research
Power (Psychology)
Medically Unexplained Symptoms

Cite this

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title = "Online Delivery of Emotional Freedom Techniques for Food Cravings and Weight Management: 2-Year Follow-Up",
abstract = "Background: Growing obesity rates are a problem worldwide. Several studies of emotional freedom techniques (EFT), a brief psychophysiologic technique, have indicated that it may be a promising addition to traditional weight loss interventions.Objective: The current study evaluated food cravings, dietary restraint, subjective power of food, weight changes, and self-reported symptoms (e.g., somatic, anxious, and depressive) 2 years after an 8-week online self-directed EFT intervention with additional online support.Design: Participants were initially randomly allocated to a treatment or waitlist group. The treatment group was instructed to self-pace through an online EFT treatment program made up of seven modules throughout the 8-week intervention period, and the waitlist was also completed at the end of this period.Results: Analyses of the online EFT intervention program indicated significantly reduced scores for food cravings (−28.2{\%}), power of food (−26.7{\%}), depression (−12.3{\%}), anxiety (−23.3{\%}), and somatic symptoms (−10.6{\%}) from pre to postintervention and from pre (baseline) until the 2-year follow-up and significantly improved scores for restraint (+13.4{\%}). Further improvements were experienced for carbohydrates and fast food cravings between 6 months and 2 years. Body Mass Index and weight significantly decreased from pre- to 12 months follow-up although there were no differences at the 2-year point.Conclusions: As an online intervention program, EFT was very effective in reducing food cravings, perceived power of food, psychologic symptomatology, and improving dietary restraint and maintaining those improvements over a 2-year period. The addition of EFT to traditional weight loss interventions is timely and supported by this research.",
author = "Stapleton, {Peta Berenice} and Evangeline Lilley-Hale and Glenn Mackintosh and Emma Sparenburg",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1089/acm.2019.0309",
language = "English",
journal = "The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine",
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Online Delivery of Emotional Freedom Techniques for Food Cravings and Weight Management: 2-Year Follow-Up. / Stapleton, Peta Berenice; Lilley-Hale, Evangeline; Mackintosh, Glenn; Sparenburg, Emma.

In: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 25.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Online Delivery of Emotional Freedom Techniques for Food Cravings and Weight Management: 2-Year Follow-Up

AU - Stapleton, Peta Berenice

AU - Lilley-Hale, Evangeline

AU - Mackintosh, Glenn

AU - Sparenburg, Emma

PY - 2019/11/25

Y1 - 2019/11/25

N2 - Background: Growing obesity rates are a problem worldwide. Several studies of emotional freedom techniques (EFT), a brief psychophysiologic technique, have indicated that it may be a promising addition to traditional weight loss interventions.Objective: The current study evaluated food cravings, dietary restraint, subjective power of food, weight changes, and self-reported symptoms (e.g., somatic, anxious, and depressive) 2 years after an 8-week online self-directed EFT intervention with additional online support.Design: Participants were initially randomly allocated to a treatment or waitlist group. The treatment group was instructed to self-pace through an online EFT treatment program made up of seven modules throughout the 8-week intervention period, and the waitlist was also completed at the end of this period.Results: Analyses of the online EFT intervention program indicated significantly reduced scores for food cravings (−28.2%), power of food (−26.7%), depression (−12.3%), anxiety (−23.3%), and somatic symptoms (−10.6%) from pre to postintervention and from pre (baseline) until the 2-year follow-up and significantly improved scores for restraint (+13.4%). Further improvements were experienced for carbohydrates and fast food cravings between 6 months and 2 years. Body Mass Index and weight significantly decreased from pre- to 12 months follow-up although there were no differences at the 2-year point.Conclusions: As an online intervention program, EFT was very effective in reducing food cravings, perceived power of food, psychologic symptomatology, and improving dietary restraint and maintaining those improvements over a 2-year period. The addition of EFT to traditional weight loss interventions is timely and supported by this research.

AB - Background: Growing obesity rates are a problem worldwide. Several studies of emotional freedom techniques (EFT), a brief psychophysiologic technique, have indicated that it may be a promising addition to traditional weight loss interventions.Objective: The current study evaluated food cravings, dietary restraint, subjective power of food, weight changes, and self-reported symptoms (e.g., somatic, anxious, and depressive) 2 years after an 8-week online self-directed EFT intervention with additional online support.Design: Participants were initially randomly allocated to a treatment or waitlist group. The treatment group was instructed to self-pace through an online EFT treatment program made up of seven modules throughout the 8-week intervention period, and the waitlist was also completed at the end of this period.Results: Analyses of the online EFT intervention program indicated significantly reduced scores for food cravings (−28.2%), power of food (−26.7%), depression (−12.3%), anxiety (−23.3%), and somatic symptoms (−10.6%) from pre to postintervention and from pre (baseline) until the 2-year follow-up and significantly improved scores for restraint (+13.4%). Further improvements were experienced for carbohydrates and fast food cravings between 6 months and 2 years. Body Mass Index and weight significantly decreased from pre- to 12 months follow-up although there were no differences at the 2-year point.Conclusions: As an online intervention program, EFT was very effective in reducing food cravings, perceived power of food, psychologic symptomatology, and improving dietary restraint and maintaining those improvements over a 2-year period. The addition of EFT to traditional weight loss interventions is timely and supported by this research.

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DO - 10.1089/acm.2019.0309

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JF - The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

SN - 1075-5535

ER -