Older Adult Compendium of Physical Activities: Energy costs of human activities in adults aged 60 and older

Erik A Willis*, Stephen D Herrmann, Mary Hastert, Chelsea L Kracht, Tiago V Barreira, John M Schuna, Zhenghua Cai, Minghui Quan, Scott A Conger, Wendy J Brown, Barbara E Ainsworth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


PURPOSE: To describe the development of a Compendium for estimating the energy costs of activities in adults ≥60 years (OA Compendium).

METHODS: Physical activities (PAs) and their metabolic equivalent of task (MET) values were obtained from a systematic search of studies published in 4 sport and exercise databases (PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus (EBSCOhost), and Scopus) and a review of articles included in the 2011 Adult Compendium that measured PA in older adults. MET values were computed as the oxygen cost (VO2, mL/kg/min) during PA divided by 2.7 mL/kg/min (MET60+) to account for the lower resting metabolic rate in older adults.

RESULTS: We identified 68 articles and extracted energy expenditure data on 427 PAs. From these, we derived 99 unique Specific Activity codes with corresponding MET60+ values for older adults. We developed a website to present the OA Compendium MET60+ values: https://pacompendium.com.

CONCLUSION: The OA Compendium uses data collected from adults ≥60 years for more accurate estimation of the energy cost of PAs in older adults. It is an accessible resource that will allow researchers, educators, and practitioners to find MET60+ values for older adults for use in PA research and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


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