Nutrition support in kidney disease

Katrina Campbell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the latest evidence associated with the assessment and management of nutritional status in kidney disease. This will encompass acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) not requiring dialysis (predialysis) and end‐stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring dialysis (peritoneal dialysis, haemodialysis). Undernutrition, assessed using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), is present in up to 50% of patients with CKD predating dialysis commencement, increasing in prevalence with progressive deterioration of kidney function. Due to the high prevalence and significant consequences of undernutrition in kidney disease, a system of routine screening for undernutrition, followed by comprehensive assessment of nutritional status, is essential across AKI and CKD populations. The SGA and the Malnutrition Inflammation Score (MIS) are the most comprehensive and validated nutrition assessment tools to evaluate undernutrition in kidney disease. Oral nutrition supplements (ONS) can typically increase total energy and protein intake by 20‐50%.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Nutrition Support
EditorsMary Hickson, Sara Smith, Kevin Whelan
PublisherWiley-Academy
Chapter5.12
Pages326-338
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118993880
ISBN (Print)9781118993859
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Jan 2018

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    Campbell, K. (2018). Nutrition support in kidney disease. In M. Hickson, S. Smith, & K. Whelan (Eds.), Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Nutrition Support (pp. 326-338). Wiley-Academy. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118993880.ch5.12