No long-term weight maintenance effects of gelatin in a supra-sustained protein diet

A. Hochstenbach-Waelen, K. R. Westerterp, S. Soenen, M. S. Westerterp-Plantenga

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Abstract

In the short-term, gelatin showed stronger hunger suppression and less energy intake compared with other proteins. This study investigated if a supra-sustained gelatin-milk protein (GMP) diet improves weight maintenance (WM) compared with a sustained milk protein (SMP) diet and supra-sustained milk protein (SSMP) diet during a 4-months WM period after 8-week weight loss (WL) in sixty-five healthy subjects (28.6±3.4kg/m2; 44±10years). Absolute protein intake was kept constant (sustained) throughout per subject. Diets were: protein(P)/fat(F)/carbohydrate(C): 15/40/45% of energy (En%) (SMP) and 30/25/45 En% (SSMP or GMP) for weeks 9-16. Diets on weeks 17-24: P/F/C: 30/35/35 En% (SMP) and 60/5/35 En% (SSMP or GMP). From weeks 8 to 16, and weeks 16 to 24, changes in BMI were similar between the GMP (-0.4±0.6 and 0.3±0.7kg/m2 respectively), and the SMP (-0.7±0.9 and 0.1±0.7kg/m2 respectively) and SSMP (-0.6±0.6 and 0.3±0.6kg/m2 respectively) diets. Sparing of fat free mass (FFM): increases/decreases in FFM%/fat-mass% from weeks 8 to 16 were similar between the GMP and both control diets, and maintained from weeks 16 to 24. In conclusion, all 3 diets resulted in a successful WM period, while a GMP diet does not improve body weight maintenance and related variables after weight loss compared with a SMP and SSMP diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Milk Proteins
Gelatin
Maintenance
Diet
Weights and Measures
Proteins
Fats
Weight Loss
Hunger
Energy Intake

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Hochstenbach-Waelen, A. ; Westerterp, K. R. ; Soenen, S. ; Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S. / No long-term weight maintenance effects of gelatin in a supra-sustained protein diet. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2010 ; Vol. 101, No. 2. pp. 237-244.
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abstract = "In the short-term, gelatin showed stronger hunger suppression and less energy intake compared with other proteins. This study investigated if a supra-sustained gelatin-milk protein (GMP) diet improves weight maintenance (WM) compared with a sustained milk protein (SMP) diet and supra-sustained milk protein (SSMP) diet during a 4-months WM period after 8-week weight loss (WL) in sixty-five healthy subjects (28.6±3.4kg/m2; 44±10years). Absolute protein intake was kept constant (sustained) throughout per subject. Diets were: protein(P)/fat(F)/carbohydrate(C): 15/40/45{\%} of energy (En{\%}) (SMP) and 30/25/45 En{\%} (SSMP or GMP) for weeks 9-16. Diets on weeks 17-24: P/F/C: 30/35/35 En{\%} (SMP) and 60/5/35 En{\%} (SSMP or GMP). From weeks 8 to 16, and weeks 16 to 24, changes in BMI were similar between the GMP (-0.4±0.6 and 0.3±0.7kg/m2 respectively), and the SMP (-0.7±0.9 and 0.1±0.7kg/m2 respectively) and SSMP (-0.6±0.6 and 0.3±0.6kg/m2 respectively) diets. Sparing of fat free mass (FFM): increases/decreases in FFM{\%}/fat-mass{\%} from weeks 8 to 16 were similar between the GMP and both control diets, and maintained from weeks 16 to 24. In conclusion, all 3 diets resulted in a successful WM period, while a GMP diet does not improve body weight maintenance and related variables after weight loss compared with a SMP and SSMP diet.",
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No long-term weight maintenance effects of gelatin in a supra-sustained protein diet. / Hochstenbach-Waelen, A.; Westerterp, K. R.; Soenen, S.; Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 101, No. 2, 01.09.2010, p. 237-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Westerterp, K. R.

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