Within an overarching theme of generational change in aphasiology, the aims of this paper are to (a) unify the neuroscience of the language impairment of aphasia with the psychosocial science of aphasia, (b) consider the implications of technology and (c) address the global challenge of translational research in this field. To achieve the first two aims, 10 principles of neuroplasticity will be interpreted within the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Two novel treatment approaches to aphasia (UQ Aphasia LIFT and CommFit™) will be described that illustrate how the neuroplasticity principles can be interpreted more broadly within the ICF. The global challenge of translational research will bring the perspective of clinicians and consumers through to aphasia research via 3 recent sets of best practice statements for aphasia. Each demonstrates how the field of aphasiology is undertaking a knowledge synthesis within its broader remit of knowledge transfer and exchange. The Australian Aphasia Rehabilitation Pathway is described as a way of creating living clinical guidelines that are helpful to all stakeholders in aphasia research.