Neuromagnetic Cerebellar Activity Entrains to the Kinematics of Executed Finger Movements

Brice Marty*, V. Wens, M. Bourguignon, G. Naeije, S. Goldman, V. Jousmäki, X. De Tiège

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study aims at characterizing the coupling between cerebellar activity and the kinematics of repetitive self-paced finger movements. Neuromagnetic signals were recorded in 11 right-handed healthy adults while they performed repetitive flexion–extensions of right-hand fingers at three different movement rates: slow (~ 1 Hz), medium (~ 2 Hz), and fast (~ 3 Hz). Right index finger acceleration was monitored with an accelerometer. Coherence analysis was used to index the coupling between right index finger acceleration and neuromagnetic signals. Dynamic imaging of coherent sources was used to locate coherent sources. Coupling directionality between primary sensorimotor (SM1), cerebellar, and accelerometer signals was assessed with renormalized partial directed coherence. Permutation-based statistics coupled with maximum statistic over the entire brain volume or restricted to the cerebellum were used. At all movement rates, maximum coherence peaked at SM1 cortex contralateral to finger movements at movement frequency (F0) and its first harmonic (F1). Significant (statistics restricted to the cerebellum) coherence consistently peaked at the right posterior lobe of the cerebellum at F0 with no influence of movement rate. Coupling between Acc and cerebellar signals was significantly stronger in the afferent than in the efferent direction with no effective contribution of cortico-cerebellar or cerebello-cortical pathways. This study demonstrates the existence of significant coupling between finger movement kinematics and neuromagnetic activity at the posterior cerebellar lobe ipsilateral to finger movement at F0. This coupling is mainly driven by spinocerebellar, presumably proprioceptive, afferences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalCerebellum
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Biomechanical Phenomena
Fingers
Cerebellum
Magnetoencephalography
Hand
Brain

Cite this

Marty, B., Wens, V., Bourguignon, M., Naeije, G., Goldman, S., Jousmäki, V., & De Tiège, X. (2018). Neuromagnetic Cerebellar Activity Entrains to the Kinematics of Executed Finger Movements. Cerebellum, 17(5), 531-539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-018-0943-4
Marty, Brice ; Wens, V. ; Bourguignon, M. ; Naeije, G. ; Goldman, S. ; Jousmäki, V. ; De Tiège, X. / Neuromagnetic Cerebellar Activity Entrains to the Kinematics of Executed Finger Movements. In: Cerebellum. 2018 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 531-539.
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Marty, B, Wens, V, Bourguignon, M, Naeije, G, Goldman, S, Jousmäki, V & De Tiège, X 2018, 'Neuromagnetic Cerebellar Activity Entrains to the Kinematics of Executed Finger Movements', Cerebellum, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 531-539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-018-0943-4

Neuromagnetic Cerebellar Activity Entrains to the Kinematics of Executed Finger Movements. / Marty, Brice; Wens, V.; Bourguignon, M.; Naeije, G.; Goldman, S.; Jousmäki, V.; De Tiège, X.

In: Cerebellum, Vol. 17, No. 5, 01.10.2018, p. 531-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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