Nationality and extraterritoriality: A disordered paradigm?

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The principles of extraterritorial jurisdiction under international law allow States to assert legal authority over their citizens abroad on the basis of nationality. Conceptions of nationality, however, have become blurred. Individuals are more mobile than ever before. They can live and work in different parts of the world. They may have a connection to more than one State. Similarly, serious crimes, such as acts of terrorism, need know no national boundaries, and armies can attract foreign recruits. Some States, such as Australia and the United Kingdom, have responded to their citizens serving as foreign recruits by legislating to allow for the revocation of citizenship. This has produced a burgeoning literature on citizenship-stripping in an age of heightened security risks. However, none of the analysis has considered the questions from the perspective of the principles of extraterritorial jurisdiction and the power of the State over its nationals when abroad. This chapter reconsiders the legitimacy of States relying on assertions of extraterritorial jurisdiction to derive citizenship. The chapter argues that it is an abuse of rights. If a State can assert its rights over citizens abroad, then a State is violating its responsibilities for its nationals under international law by removing those citizens from its realm of responsibility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal governance and regulation
Subtitle of host publicationOrder and disorder in the 21st century
EditorsD Ireland-Piper, L Wolff
Place of PublicationOxon
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781351734011
ISBN (Print)9781472489012
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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