Fixed area meander line antennas designed on a 5 × 5 rectangular grid were optimized for efficiency and resonant frequency. The Pareto front was developed using ant colony optimization and the numerical electromagnetic code. The lowest frequency antenna fits an area of 0.11λ0 × 0.05λ0 with an efficiency of 88%.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2009|