Similarities and differences in employee and student perceptions of the personality, motivational drivers, and work ethic attitudes in India are examined in this paper. Survey responses covering these three areas are compared between employees and students and the findings compared with selected international studies. In particular relationships are considered for the Indian employees and students. of the Big Five characteristics (conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness to new experiences, neuroticism or psychological well-being, and extraversion) with views of motivational drivers (intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: enjoyment, challenge, compensation, and outward orientation) and work ethic principles (such as the centrality of work, hard work as a value, and constructive use of time). Implications of the similarities and differences are drawn.