A range of monosaccharides has been tested for their capacity to influence the induction and effector function of alloreactive cytotoxic T (Tc) cells. Strain-specific differences in the capacity of monosaccharides to inhibit Tc cell induction have been demonstrated. Monosaccharides can also inhibit effector function of target cell lysis, but this could only be demonstrated by assessing the effect of sugars added to limiting dilution cultures of alloantigen-stimulated T cells. B10.A(4R) anti-BALB/c Tc cells have been reproducibly inhibited by D-glucosamine and D-galactosamine, as well as D-galacturonic acid, at both the induction and effector phases of the Tc cell response. Analysis of monosaccharide inhibition of cytotoxicity in limiting dilution cultures has confirmed that D-glucosamine is the most effective inhibitor of B10.A(4R) anti-BALB/c Tc cells, while D-galactosamine and D-galacturonic acid inhibit cytotoxicity in only some limiting dilution wells. Analysis of several B10.A(4R) anti-BALB/c Tc cell clones has revealed at least two different 'clone-specific' patterns of inhibition by D-glucose, D-glucuronic acid and D-galacturonic acid. Since Tc cell recognition of antigen is generally specific for class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens, this data implicates a role for MHC-associated carbohydrate structures expressed by target cells in T-lymphocyte interactions with antigen.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - May 1988|