Memory and communication support in dementia: Research-based strategies for caregivers

Erin R. Smith-Conway, Megan Broughton, Rosemary Baker, Nancy A. Pachana, Anthony J. Angwin, Michael S. Humphreys, Leander Mitchell, Gerard J. Byrne, David A. Copland, Cindy Gallois, Desley Hegney, Helen J. Chenery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Difficulties with memory and communication are prominent and distressing features of dementia which impact on the person with dementia and contribute to caregiver stress and burden. There is a need to provide caregivers with strategies to support and maximize memory and communication abilities in people with dementia. In this project, a team of clinicians, researchers and educators in neuropsychology, psychogeriatrics, nursing and speech pathology translated research-based knowledge from these fields into a program of practical strategies for everyday use by family and professional caregivers. Methods: From the available research evidence, the project team identified compensatory or facilitative strategies to assist with common areas of difficulty, and structured these under the mnemonics RECAPS (for memory) and MESSAGE (for communication). This information was adapted for presentation in a DVD-based education program in accordance with known characteristics of effective caregiver education. Results: The resultant DVD comprises (1) information on the nature and importance of memory and communication in everyday life; (2) explanations of common patterns of difficulty and preserved ability in memory and communication across the stages of dementia; (3) acted vignettes demonstrating the strategies, based on authentic samples of speech in dementia; and (4) scenarios to prompt the viewer to consider the benefits of using the strategies. Conclusion: Using a knowledge-translation framework, information and strategies can be provided to family and professional caregivers to help them optimize residual memory and communication in people with dementia. Future development of the materials, incorporating consumer feedback, will focus on methods for enabling wider dissemination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-263
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Caregivers
Dementia
Communication
Research
Aptitude
Speech-Language Pathology
Geriatric Psychiatry
Education
Neuropsychology
Translational Medical Research
Nursing
Research Personnel

Cite this

Smith-Conway, E. R., Broughton, M., Baker, R., Pachana, N. A., Angwin, A. J., Humphreys, M. S., ... Chenery, H. J. (2011). Memory and communication support in dementia: Research-based strategies for caregivers. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(2), 256-263. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210001845
Smith-Conway, Erin R. ; Broughton, Megan ; Baker, Rosemary ; Pachana, Nancy A. ; Angwin, Anthony J. ; Humphreys, Michael S. ; Mitchell, Leander ; Byrne, Gerard J. ; Copland, David A. ; Gallois, Cindy ; Hegney, Desley ; Chenery, Helen J. / Memory and communication support in dementia : Research-based strategies for caregivers. In: International Psychogeriatrics. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 256-263.
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abstract = "Background: Difficulties with memory and communication are prominent and distressing features of dementia which impact on the person with dementia and contribute to caregiver stress and burden. There is a need to provide caregivers with strategies to support and maximize memory and communication abilities in people with dementia. In this project, a team of clinicians, researchers and educators in neuropsychology, psychogeriatrics, nursing and speech pathology translated research-based knowledge from these fields into a program of practical strategies for everyday use by family and professional caregivers. Methods: From the available research evidence, the project team identified compensatory or facilitative strategies to assist with common areas of difficulty, and structured these under the mnemonics RECAPS (for memory) and MESSAGE (for communication). This information was adapted for presentation in a DVD-based education program in accordance with known characteristics of effective caregiver education. Results: The resultant DVD comprises (1) information on the nature and importance of memory and communication in everyday life; (2) explanations of common patterns of difficulty and preserved ability in memory and communication across the stages of dementia; (3) acted vignettes demonstrating the strategies, based on authentic samples of speech in dementia; and (4) scenarios to prompt the viewer to consider the benefits of using the strategies. Conclusion: Using a knowledge-translation framework, information and strategies can be provided to family and professional caregivers to help them optimize residual memory and communication in people with dementia. Future development of the materials, incorporating consumer feedback, will focus on methods for enabling wider dissemination.",
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Smith-Conway, ER, Broughton, M, Baker, R, Pachana, NA, Angwin, AJ, Humphreys, MS, Mitchell, L, Byrne, GJ, Copland, DA, Gallois, C, Hegney, D & Chenery, HJ 2011, 'Memory and communication support in dementia: Research-based strategies for caregivers' International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 256-263. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210001845

Memory and communication support in dementia : Research-based strategies for caregivers. / Smith-Conway, Erin R.; Broughton, Megan; Baker, Rosemary; Pachana, Nancy A.; Angwin, Anthony J.; Humphreys, Michael S.; Mitchell, Leander; Byrne, Gerard J.; Copland, David A.; Gallois, Cindy; Hegney, Desley; Chenery, Helen J.

In: International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 23, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 256-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Broughton, Megan

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AU - Pachana, Nancy A.

AU - Angwin, Anthony J.

AU - Humphreys, Michael S.

AU - Mitchell, Leander

AU - Byrne, Gerard J.

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AU - Chenery, Helen J.

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Smith-Conway ER, Broughton M, Baker R, Pachana NA, Angwin AJ, Humphreys MS et al. Memory and communication support in dementia: Research-based strategies for caregivers. International Psychogeriatrics. 2011 Mar;23(2):256-263. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210001845