Measurement of binding specificity between T cell lymphomas and murine leukemia viruses

H C O'Neill, I L Weissman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously reported the presence of receptors on radiation leukemia virus (RadLV)-induced thymomas and malignant thymocytes from AKR mice which specifically bind retrovirus produced by these T cell clones. These receptors have been shown to have specificity for virus reminiscent of an immune-specific receptor. Previous studies on T cell lymphoma binding to retroviruses have involved measurement of the interaction of labelled virus with cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis (McGrath et al., J. Virol. (1978) 25, 923; McGrath and Weissman, Cell (1979) 17, 65; Weissman and McGrath, Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. (1982) 98, 103). Here we report development of an assay for measuring lymphoma binding to virus, prepared as an immunoabsorbent adhered to a microtiter plate. Using this assay, we have shown that only T and not B cell lymphomas can bind to T cell-tropic viruses, and some cell lines have greatest specificity for homologous virus. The AKR-derived T cell lymphomas, SL3 and KKT-2, show greater specificity for leukemogenic AKR viruses, than for an AKR xenotropic virus or the recombinant AKR virus, MCF247. The RadLV-induced T cell lines, C6VL/1 and BL/VL3, have been found to bind cross-reactively to several different murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs). RadLV-induced T cell lymphomas do have greater specificity for their cognate retroviruses since free, homologous retrovirus can best block the interaction between cells and virus adhered to the wells of a microtiter plate. Cross-reactive interactions are more easily demonstrated by this assay, probably because low avidity interactions are stabilized as a result of the mode of virus presentation. Binding specificity for retroviral envelope determinants has been demonstrated using a rat anti-retroviral antiserum prepared as an F(ab)1 fragment. This antiserum can inhibit the interaction between the C6VL/1 thymoma and its RadLV virus. Specificity of this antibody for a gp70-like protein was confirmed by NaDodSO4-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and by loss of this activity after absorption of antibody on virus. Antibodies specific for RadLV/VL3 gp70 determinants can inhibit the interaction of C6VL/1 with RadLV/VL3 suggesting that cross-reactive binding to heterologous virus is also specific for a gp70 viral env determinant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalImmunotechnology
Volume122
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Murine Leukemia Viruses
T-Cell Lymphoma
Radiation Leukemia Virus
Viruses
Retroviridae
AKR murine leukemia virus
Thymoma
T-Lymphocytes
Immune Sera
Inbred AKR Mouse
Virus Attachment
Cell Line
Antibody Specificity
Antibodies
B-Cell Lymphoma
Thymocytes
Cell Communication
Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Lymphoma
Clone Cells

Cite this

@article{c94b5bd020ad4f7d9959f6ebf29021d8,
title = "Measurement of binding specificity between T cell lymphomas and murine leukemia viruses",
abstract = "We have previously reported the presence of receptors on radiation leukemia virus (RadLV)-induced thymomas and malignant thymocytes from AKR mice which specifically bind retrovirus produced by these T cell clones. These receptors have been shown to have specificity for virus reminiscent of an immune-specific receptor. Previous studies on T cell lymphoma binding to retroviruses have involved measurement of the interaction of labelled virus with cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis (McGrath et al., J. Virol. (1978) 25, 923; McGrath and Weissman, Cell (1979) 17, 65; Weissman and McGrath, Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. (1982) 98, 103). Here we report development of an assay for measuring lymphoma binding to virus, prepared as an immunoabsorbent adhered to a microtiter plate. Using this assay, we have shown that only T and not B cell lymphomas can bind to T cell-tropic viruses, and some cell lines have greatest specificity for homologous virus. The AKR-derived T cell lymphomas, SL3 and KKT-2, show greater specificity for leukemogenic AKR viruses, than for an AKR xenotropic virus or the recombinant AKR virus, MCF247. The RadLV-induced T cell lines, C6VL/1 and BL/VL3, have been found to bind cross-reactively to several different murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs). RadLV-induced T cell lymphomas do have greater specificity for their cognate retroviruses since free, homologous retrovirus can best block the interaction between cells and virus adhered to the wells of a microtiter plate. Cross-reactive interactions are more easily demonstrated by this assay, probably because low avidity interactions are stabilized as a result of the mode of virus presentation. Binding specificity for retroviral envelope determinants has been demonstrated using a rat anti-retroviral antiserum prepared as an F(ab)1 fragment. This antiserum can inhibit the interaction between the C6VL/1 thymoma and its RadLV virus. Specificity of this antibody for a gp70-like protein was confirmed by NaDodSO4-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and by loss of this activity after absorption of antibody on virus. Antibodies specific for RadLV/VL3 gp70 determinants can inhibit the interaction of C6VL/1 with RadLV/VL3 suggesting that cross-reactive binding to heterologous virus is also specific for a gp70 viral env determinant.",
author = "O'Neill, {H C} and Weissman, {I L}",
year = "1989",
month = "8",
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "79--90",
journal = "Immunotechnology",
issn = "0022-1759",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Measurement of binding specificity between T cell lymphomas and murine leukemia viruses. / O'Neill, H C; Weissman, I L.

In: Immunotechnology, Vol. 122, No. 1, 15.08.1989, p. 79-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of binding specificity between T cell lymphomas and murine leukemia viruses

AU - O'Neill, H C

AU - Weissman, I L

PY - 1989/8/15

Y1 - 1989/8/15

N2 - We have previously reported the presence of receptors on radiation leukemia virus (RadLV)-induced thymomas and malignant thymocytes from AKR mice which specifically bind retrovirus produced by these T cell clones. These receptors have been shown to have specificity for virus reminiscent of an immune-specific receptor. Previous studies on T cell lymphoma binding to retroviruses have involved measurement of the interaction of labelled virus with cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis (McGrath et al., J. Virol. (1978) 25, 923; McGrath and Weissman, Cell (1979) 17, 65; Weissman and McGrath, Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. (1982) 98, 103). Here we report development of an assay for measuring lymphoma binding to virus, prepared as an immunoabsorbent adhered to a microtiter plate. Using this assay, we have shown that only T and not B cell lymphomas can bind to T cell-tropic viruses, and some cell lines have greatest specificity for homologous virus. The AKR-derived T cell lymphomas, SL3 and KKT-2, show greater specificity for leukemogenic AKR viruses, than for an AKR xenotropic virus or the recombinant AKR virus, MCF247. The RadLV-induced T cell lines, C6VL/1 and BL/VL3, have been found to bind cross-reactively to several different murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs). RadLV-induced T cell lymphomas do have greater specificity for their cognate retroviruses since free, homologous retrovirus can best block the interaction between cells and virus adhered to the wells of a microtiter plate. Cross-reactive interactions are more easily demonstrated by this assay, probably because low avidity interactions are stabilized as a result of the mode of virus presentation. Binding specificity for retroviral envelope determinants has been demonstrated using a rat anti-retroviral antiserum prepared as an F(ab)1 fragment. This antiserum can inhibit the interaction between the C6VL/1 thymoma and its RadLV virus. Specificity of this antibody for a gp70-like protein was confirmed by NaDodSO4-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and by loss of this activity after absorption of antibody on virus. Antibodies specific for RadLV/VL3 gp70 determinants can inhibit the interaction of C6VL/1 with RadLV/VL3 suggesting that cross-reactive binding to heterologous virus is also specific for a gp70 viral env determinant.

AB - We have previously reported the presence of receptors on radiation leukemia virus (RadLV)-induced thymomas and malignant thymocytes from AKR mice which specifically bind retrovirus produced by these T cell clones. These receptors have been shown to have specificity for virus reminiscent of an immune-specific receptor. Previous studies on T cell lymphoma binding to retroviruses have involved measurement of the interaction of labelled virus with cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis (McGrath et al., J. Virol. (1978) 25, 923; McGrath and Weissman, Cell (1979) 17, 65; Weissman and McGrath, Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. (1982) 98, 103). Here we report development of an assay for measuring lymphoma binding to virus, prepared as an immunoabsorbent adhered to a microtiter plate. Using this assay, we have shown that only T and not B cell lymphomas can bind to T cell-tropic viruses, and some cell lines have greatest specificity for homologous virus. The AKR-derived T cell lymphomas, SL3 and KKT-2, show greater specificity for leukemogenic AKR viruses, than for an AKR xenotropic virus or the recombinant AKR virus, MCF247. The RadLV-induced T cell lines, C6VL/1 and BL/VL3, have been found to bind cross-reactively to several different murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs). RadLV-induced T cell lymphomas do have greater specificity for their cognate retroviruses since free, homologous retrovirus can best block the interaction between cells and virus adhered to the wells of a microtiter plate. Cross-reactive interactions are more easily demonstrated by this assay, probably because low avidity interactions are stabilized as a result of the mode of virus presentation. Binding specificity for retroviral envelope determinants has been demonstrated using a rat anti-retroviral antiserum prepared as an F(ab)1 fragment. This antiserum can inhibit the interaction between the C6VL/1 thymoma and its RadLV virus. Specificity of this antibody for a gp70-like protein was confirmed by NaDodSO4-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and by loss of this activity after absorption of antibody on virus. Antibodies specific for RadLV/VL3 gp70 determinants can inhibit the interaction of C6VL/1 with RadLV/VL3 suggesting that cross-reactive binding to heterologous virus is also specific for a gp70 viral env determinant.

M3 - Article

VL - 122

SP - 79

EP - 90

JO - Immunotechnology

JF - Immunotechnology

SN - 0022-1759

IS - 1

ER -