Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide

Jace R Drain, Rob Marc Orr, Renee L Attwells, Daniel C. Billing

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportResearch

Abstract

There is a universal requirement for military personnel to carry an external load. The load of military personnel is typically comprised of clothing, protective ensemble (i.e. body armour, helmet), combat equipment (i.e. webbing, weapon systems, ammunition, power sources, radio) and sustainment stores (i.e. food and water). In addition, military operations often requires dismounted personnel to move, on foot, through various climates and terrains for long and continuous periods. The total load varies dependant upon factors such as mission requirements and threat profile. Recent evidence suggests that the individual’s load is increasing with advancing technologies and personal protective equipment. Excessive external load may adversely impact upon an individual’s physical capability (e.g. mobility, lethality) and health (e.g. survivability, thermal burden). It is therefore important we consider (likely) individual load carriage capacity in mission planning. An individual’s load carriage capacity is influenced by a multitude of factors that can broadly be categorised into three groups; 1) personnel characteristics (e.g. fitness, body mass, gender, age, injury profile, load carriage experience), 2) task characteristics (e.g. total external load, distribution of load, load carriage equipment design, movement speed, march duration, work to rest ratio) and 3) environment (e.g. terrain, heat, humidity, altitude) in which the task is performed. Some of these factors may in some situations be controlled (e.g. marching speed) whilst others are not (e.g. ambient temperature). There is a dynamic interaction between these factors which ultimately impact on an individual’s load carriage capacity. When undertaking mission planning it is important for commanders to consider the factors influencing load carriage capacity and identify the likely burden.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherDefence Science and Technology Organisation
Number of pages87
VolumeDSTO-TR-2765
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Personnel
Ammunition
Ordnance
Planning
Protective clothing
Armor
Military operations
Atmospheric humidity
Health
Water
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Cite this

Drain, J. R., Orr, R. M., Attwells, R. L., & Billing, D. C. (2012). Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide. Australia: Defence Science and Technology Organisation.
Drain, Jace R ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Attwells, Renee L ; Billing, Daniel C. / Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide. Australia : Defence Science and Technology Organisation, 2012. 87 p.
@book{ae595b84a20c45aa978db0969042e31f,
title = "Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide",
abstract = "There is a universal requirement for military personnel to carry an external load. The load of military personnel is typically comprised of clothing, protective ensemble (i.e. body armour, helmet), combat equipment (i.e. webbing, weapon systems, ammunition, power sources, radio) and sustainment stores (i.e. food and water). In addition, military operations often requires dismounted personnel to move, on foot, through various climates and terrains for long and continuous periods. The total load varies dependant upon factors such as mission requirements and threat profile. Recent evidence suggests that the individual’s load is increasing with advancing technologies and personal protective equipment. Excessive external load may adversely impact upon an individual’s physical capability (e.g. mobility, lethality) and health (e.g. survivability, thermal burden). It is therefore important we consider (likely) individual load carriage capacity in mission planning. An individual’s load carriage capacity is influenced by a multitude of factors that can broadly be categorised into three groups; 1) personnel characteristics (e.g. fitness, body mass, gender, age, injury profile, load carriage experience), 2) task characteristics (e.g. total external load, distribution of load, load carriage equipment design, movement speed, march duration, work to rest ratio) and 3) environment (e.g. terrain, heat, humidity, altitude) in which the task is performed. Some of these factors may in some situations be controlled (e.g. marching speed) whilst others are not (e.g. ambient temperature). There is a dynamic interaction between these factors which ultimately impact on an individual’s load carriage capacity. When undertaking mission planning it is important for commanders to consider the factors influencing load carriage capacity and identify the likely burden.",
author = "Drain, {Jace R} and Orr, {Rob Marc} and Attwells, {Renee L} and Billing, {Daniel C.}",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "DSTO-TR-2765",
publisher = "Defence Science and Technology Organisation",

}

Drain, JR, Orr, RM, Attwells, RL & Billing, DC 2012, Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide. vol. DSTO-TR-2765, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Australia.

Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide. / Drain, Jace R; Orr, Rob Marc; Attwells, Renee L; Billing, Daniel C.

Australia : Defence Science and Technology Organisation, 2012. 87 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportResearch

TY - BOOK

T1 - Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide

AU - Drain, Jace R

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Attwells, Renee L

AU - Billing, Daniel C.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - There is a universal requirement for military personnel to carry an external load. The load of military personnel is typically comprised of clothing, protective ensemble (i.e. body armour, helmet), combat equipment (i.e. webbing, weapon systems, ammunition, power sources, radio) and sustainment stores (i.e. food and water). In addition, military operations often requires dismounted personnel to move, on foot, through various climates and terrains for long and continuous periods. The total load varies dependant upon factors such as mission requirements and threat profile. Recent evidence suggests that the individual’s load is increasing with advancing technologies and personal protective equipment. Excessive external load may adversely impact upon an individual’s physical capability (e.g. mobility, lethality) and health (e.g. survivability, thermal burden). It is therefore important we consider (likely) individual load carriage capacity in mission planning. An individual’s load carriage capacity is influenced by a multitude of factors that can broadly be categorised into three groups; 1) personnel characteristics (e.g. fitness, body mass, gender, age, injury profile, load carriage experience), 2) task characteristics (e.g. total external load, distribution of load, load carriage equipment design, movement speed, march duration, work to rest ratio) and 3) environment (e.g. terrain, heat, humidity, altitude) in which the task is performed. Some of these factors may in some situations be controlled (e.g. marching speed) whilst others are not (e.g. ambient temperature). There is a dynamic interaction between these factors which ultimately impact on an individual’s load carriage capacity. When undertaking mission planning it is important for commanders to consider the factors influencing load carriage capacity and identify the likely burden.

AB - There is a universal requirement for military personnel to carry an external load. The load of military personnel is typically comprised of clothing, protective ensemble (i.e. body armour, helmet), combat equipment (i.e. webbing, weapon systems, ammunition, power sources, radio) and sustainment stores (i.e. food and water). In addition, military operations often requires dismounted personnel to move, on foot, through various climates and terrains for long and continuous periods. The total load varies dependant upon factors such as mission requirements and threat profile. Recent evidence suggests that the individual’s load is increasing with advancing technologies and personal protective equipment. Excessive external load may adversely impact upon an individual’s physical capability (e.g. mobility, lethality) and health (e.g. survivability, thermal burden). It is therefore important we consider (likely) individual load carriage capacity in mission planning. An individual’s load carriage capacity is influenced by a multitude of factors that can broadly be categorised into three groups; 1) personnel characteristics (e.g. fitness, body mass, gender, age, injury profile, load carriage experience), 2) task characteristics (e.g. total external load, distribution of load, load carriage equipment design, movement speed, march duration, work to rest ratio) and 3) environment (e.g. terrain, heat, humidity, altitude) in which the task is performed. Some of these factors may in some situations be controlled (e.g. marching speed) whilst others are not (e.g. ambient temperature). There is a dynamic interaction between these factors which ultimately impact on an individual’s load carriage capacity. When undertaking mission planning it is important for commanders to consider the factors influencing load carriage capacity and identify the likely burden.

M3 - Commissioned report

VL - DSTO-TR-2765

BT - Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide

PB - Defence Science and Technology Organisation

CY - Australia

ER -

Drain JR, Orr RM, Attwells RL, Billing DC. Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commander's Guide. Australia: Defence Science and Technology Organisation, 2012. 87 p.