Lifestyle interventions for preventing and ameliorating CKD in primary and secondary care

Jaimon T. Kelly, Guobin Su, Juan Jesus Carrero

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the growth in chronic kidney disease (CKD) epidemics, evidence-based lifestyle recommendations for primary prevention of CKD are limited by reliance on observational studies and predominantly pilot clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging data have shown lifestyle modification strategies for primary CKD prevention with the most evidence favoring a healthy dietary pattern (rich in fruit, vegetables, potassium and have a higher plant-based to animal protein ratio), and diet low in sodium, being physically active, avoiding tobacco smoking, moderating alcohol consumption and maintaining a healthy body weight. The way these behavioral interventions can be implemented in practice should consider their synergistic benefit as well as mechanisms to facilitate long-term behavior change. Sustaining long-term behavior change remains a challenge in practice, particularly due to a lack of healthcare resources and behavior relapse. Some suggestions to mitigate this include ensuring adequate time is spent in intervention codesign and planning, utilizing adaptive trial/intervention designs with regular intervention tailoring for intervention dose, intensity, duration, and modality. SUMMARY: A number of modifiable lifestyle behaviors consistently associate with developing CKD in the community. The current evidence base, despite its inherent limitations, may inform both public health recommendations and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-546
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


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