Projects per year
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the growth in chronic kidney disease (CKD) epidemics, evidence-based lifestyle recommendations for primary prevention of CKD are limited by reliance on observational studies and predominantly pilot clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging data have shown lifestyle modification strategies for primary CKD prevention with the most evidence favoring a healthy dietary pattern (rich in fruit, vegetables, potassium and have a higher plant-based to animal protein ratio), and diet low in sodium, being physically active, avoiding tobacco smoking, moderating alcohol consumption and maintaining a healthy body weight. The way these behavioral interventions can be implemented in practice should consider their synergistic benefit as well as mechanisms to facilitate long-term behavior change. Sustaining long-term behavior change remains a challenge in practice, particularly due to a lack of healthcare resources and behavior relapse. Some suggestions to mitigate this include ensuring adequate time is spent in intervention codesign and planning, utilizing adaptive trial/intervention designs with regular intervention tailoring for intervention dose, intensity, duration, and modality. SUMMARY: A number of modifiable lifestyle behaviors consistently associate with developing CKD in the community. The current evidence base, despite its inherent limitations, may inform both public health recommendations and clinical practice.
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- 1 Active
Nutrition for Chronic Disease and Disability: Research to improve health related quality of life and bring forward the under-represented voice
1/01/14 → 31/08/30