Lifestyle behaviour changes associated with osteoarthritis: a prospective cohort study

Norman Ng*, Lynne Parkinson, Wendy J. Brown, Rachael Moorin, G. M.E.E.Geeske Peeters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to compare changes in lifestyle behaviours over nine years in women who were and were not diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA). Data were from the 1945–51 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (aged 50–55 in 2001) who completed written surveys in 2001, 2004, 2007 and 2010. The sample included 610 women who were, and 3810 women who were not diagnosed with OA between 2004 and 2007. Descriptive statistics were used to assess changes in lifestyle behaviours (weight, sitting time, physical activity, alcohol and smoking) in the two groups, over three survey intervals: from 2001–2004 (prior to diagnosis); from 2004–2007 (around diagnosis); and from 2007–2010 (following diagnosis). Compared with women without OA (28%), a greater proportion of women with OA (38%) made at least one positive lifestyle change (p < 0.001). These included losing > 5 kg (9.8% vs. 14.4%, p < 0.001), and reducing sitting time by an hour (29.5% vs. 39.1%, p < 0.001) following diagnosis. However, women with OA also made negative lifestyle changes (35% vs. 29%, p < 0.001), for example, gaining > 5 kg around the time of diagnosis (21.4% vs. 14.5%, p < 0.001) and increasing sitting time by an hour following diagnosis (38.4% vs. 32.3%, p = 0.003). More women with OA also started smoking following diagnosis (8.9% vs. 0.8%, p < 0.001). While some women made positive changes in lifestyle behaviours during and following OA diagnosis, others made negative changes. Consistent support from clinicians for managing OA symptoms may enable patients to make more positive changes in lifestyle behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6242
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

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