Latent Provisions for Building Information Modeling (BIM) Contracts: A Social Network Analysis Approach

S.-L. Fan, H.-Y. Chong, P.-C. Liao, C.-Y. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The effective adoption and use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) require appropriate contract design to fairly allocate the contracting parties’ rights and responsibilities. Several standards for BIM protocols and contracts have been developed for the industry. However, the awareness and the use of these are rather limited, leading to unclear provisions in BIM contracts. Therefore, the research aims to identify the influential legal aspects that serve as the latent contract provisions in BIM contracts. A questionnaire survey was conducted to survey experts and active BIM users in construction projects. The data were analyzed using Social Network Analysis (SNA) by assuming interdependent relationships among various the legal aspects in BIM contacts. The key legal aspects associated with BIM contracts pertain to the roles and responsibilities of the project participants. The results also reveal that data security is the center of all latent legal aspects in the contracts. The study provides significant new insights into clarifying the required contract provisions in BIM contracts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1435
Number of pages9
JournalKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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