Is Tapping on Acupuncture Points an Active Ingredient in Emotional Freedom Techniques? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Comparative Studies

Dawson Church, Peta Stapleton, Amy Yang, Fred Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFTs) combine elements of cognitive restructuring and exposure techniques with acupoint stimulation. Meta-analyses indicate large effect sizes for posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety; however, treatment effects may be due to components EFT shares with other therapies. This analysis reviewed whether EFTs acupressure component was an active ingredient. Six studies of adults with diagnosed or self-identified psychological or physical symptoms were compared (n = 403), and three (n = 102) were identified. Pretest vs. posttest EFT treatment showed a large effect size, Cohen's d = 1.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 2.00) and Hedges' g = 1.25 (95% CI, 0.54 to 1.96). Acupressure groups demonstrated moderately stronger outcomes than controls, with weighted posttreatment effect sizes of d = -0.47 (95% CI, -0.94 to 0.0) and g = -0.45 (95% CI, -0.91 to 0.0). Meta-analysis indicated that the acupressure component was an active ingredient and outcomes were not due solely to placebo, nonspecific effects of any therapy, or nonacupressure components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-793
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of nervous and mental disease
Volume206
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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Acupuncture Points
Acupressure
Meta-Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Placebo Effect
Therapeutics
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety
Depression
Psychology

Cite this

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Is Tapping on Acupuncture Points an Active Ingredient in Emotional Freedom Techniques? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Comparative Studies. / Church, Dawson; Stapleton, Peta; Yang, Amy; Gallo, Fred.

In: The Journal of nervous and mental disease, Vol. 206, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 783-793.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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