[Extract] Biomechanics may be considered a branch of biophysics that involves the application of mechanical principles to better our understanding of the structure, function, and motion of living organisms. The teaching of biomechanics in high school and university programs typically revolves around the complementary areas of kinematics (descriptions of motion) and kinetics (forces that cause motion). As such, school students will typically learn about some of these kinematic and kinetic principles in subjects including physics, mathematics, and health and physical education. Within the university sector, the same principles are most commonly taught in sport and exercise science (kinesiology), physiotherapy (physical therapy), and engineering programs. Within the school and university sectors, some of the major applications of these biomechanical principles may include the improvement of human sporting and occupational performance, as well as reducing injury risk and/or improving rehabilitation outcomes for individuals with chronic disease and musculoskeletal injury.