Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes

Claire E. Badenhorst, Brian Dawson, Carmel Goodman, Marc Sim, Gregory R. Cox, Christopher J. Gore, Harold Tjalsma, Dorine W. Swinkels, Peter Peeling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the influence of a simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m above sea level) for a 3 h recovery period following intense interval running on post-exercise inflammation, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin response. Methods: In a cross-over design, ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two 8 × 3 min interval running sessions at 85 % of their maximal aerobic velocity on a motorized treadmill, before being randomly assigned to either a hypoxic (HYP: F IO2 ~0.1513) or a normoxic (NORM: F IO2 0.2093) 3 h recovery period. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately post-exercise, and after 3 and 24 h of recovery. Blood was analyzed for interleukin-6, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin. Results: Interleukin-6 was significantly elevated (p < 0.01) immediately post-exercise compared to baseline (NORM: 1.08 ± 0.061 to 3.12 ± 1.80) (HYP: 1.32 ± 0.86 to 2.99 ± 2.02), but was not different between conditions. Hepcidin levels were significantly elevated (p < 0.01) at 3 h post-exercise for both conditions when compared to baseline (NORM: 3.25 ± 1.23 to 7.40 ± 4.00) (HYP: 3.24 ± 1.94 to 5.42 ± 3.20), but were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the HYP trial compared to NORM. No significant differences existed between HYP and NORM for erythropoietin, serum iron, or ferritin. Conclusion: Simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m) for 3 h following intense interval running attenuates the peak hepcidin levels recorded at 3 h post-exercise. Consequently, a hypoxic recovery after exercise may be useful for athletes with compromised iron status to potentially increase acute dietary iron absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-959
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume114
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Hepcidins
Athletes
Exercise
Ferritins
Iron
Erythropoietin
Running
Interleukin-6
Serum
Dietary Iron
Oceans and Seas
Cross-Over Studies
Inflammation

Cite this

Badenhorst, Claire E. ; Dawson, Brian ; Goodman, Carmel ; Sim, Marc ; Cox, Gregory R. ; Gore, Christopher J. ; Tjalsma, Harold ; Swinkels, Dorine W. ; Peeling, Peter. / Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2014 ; Vol. 114, No. 5. pp. 951-959.
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title = "Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes",
abstract = "Purpose: To assess the influence of a simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m above sea level) for a 3 h recovery period following intense interval running on post-exercise inflammation, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin response. Methods: In a cross-over design, ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two 8 × 3 min interval running sessions at 85 {\%} of their maximal aerobic velocity on a motorized treadmill, before being randomly assigned to either a hypoxic (HYP: F IO2 ~0.1513) or a normoxic (NORM: F IO2 0.2093) 3 h recovery period. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately post-exercise, and after 3 and 24 h of recovery. Blood was analyzed for interleukin-6, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin. Results: Interleukin-6 was significantly elevated (p < 0.01) immediately post-exercise compared to baseline (NORM: 1.08 ± 0.061 to 3.12 ± 1.80) (HYP: 1.32 ± 0.86 to 2.99 ± 2.02), but was not different between conditions. Hepcidin levels were significantly elevated (p < 0.01) at 3 h post-exercise for both conditions when compared to baseline (NORM: 3.25 ± 1.23 to 7.40 ± 4.00) (HYP: 3.24 ± 1.94 to 5.42 ± 3.20), but were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the HYP trial compared to NORM. No significant differences existed between HYP and NORM for erythropoietin, serum iron, or ferritin. Conclusion: Simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m) for 3 h following intense interval running attenuates the peak hepcidin levels recorded at 3 h post-exercise. Consequently, a hypoxic recovery after exercise may be useful for athletes with compromised iron status to potentially increase acute dietary iron absorption.",
author = "Badenhorst, {Claire E.} and Brian Dawson and Carmel Goodman and Marc Sim and Cox, {Gregory R.} and Gore, {Christopher J.} and Harold Tjalsma and Swinkels, {Dorine W.} and Peter Peeling",
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Badenhorst, CE, Dawson, B, Goodman, C, Sim, M, Cox, GR, Gore, CJ, Tjalsma, H, Swinkels, DW & Peeling, P 2014, 'Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 951-959. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2829-6

Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes. / Badenhorst, Claire E.; Dawson, Brian; Goodman, Carmel; Sim, Marc; Cox, Gregory R.; Gore, Christopher J.; Tjalsma, Harold; Swinkels, Dorine W.; Peeling, Peter.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 114, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 951-959.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes

AU - Badenhorst, Claire E.

AU - Dawson, Brian

AU - Goodman, Carmel

AU - Sim, Marc

AU - Cox, Gregory R.

AU - Gore, Christopher J.

AU - Tjalsma, Harold

AU - Swinkels, Dorine W.

AU - Peeling, Peter

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N2 - Purpose: To assess the influence of a simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m above sea level) for a 3 h recovery period following intense interval running on post-exercise inflammation, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin response. Methods: In a cross-over design, ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two 8 × 3 min interval running sessions at 85 % of their maximal aerobic velocity on a motorized treadmill, before being randomly assigned to either a hypoxic (HYP: F IO2 ~0.1513) or a normoxic (NORM: F IO2 0.2093) 3 h recovery period. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately post-exercise, and after 3 and 24 h of recovery. Blood was analyzed for interleukin-6, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin. Results: Interleukin-6 was significantly elevated (p < 0.01) immediately post-exercise compared to baseline (NORM: 1.08 ± 0.061 to 3.12 ± 1.80) (HYP: 1.32 ± 0.86 to 2.99 ± 2.02), but was not different between conditions. Hepcidin levels were significantly elevated (p < 0.01) at 3 h post-exercise for both conditions when compared to baseline (NORM: 3.25 ± 1.23 to 7.40 ± 4.00) (HYP: 3.24 ± 1.94 to 5.42 ± 3.20), but were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the HYP trial compared to NORM. No significant differences existed between HYP and NORM for erythropoietin, serum iron, or ferritin. Conclusion: Simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m) for 3 h following intense interval running attenuates the peak hepcidin levels recorded at 3 h post-exercise. Consequently, a hypoxic recovery after exercise may be useful for athletes with compromised iron status to potentially increase acute dietary iron absorption.

AB - Purpose: To assess the influence of a simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m above sea level) for a 3 h recovery period following intense interval running on post-exercise inflammation, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin response. Methods: In a cross-over design, ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two 8 × 3 min interval running sessions at 85 % of their maximal aerobic velocity on a motorized treadmill, before being randomly assigned to either a hypoxic (HYP: F IO2 ~0.1513) or a normoxic (NORM: F IO2 0.2093) 3 h recovery period. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately post-exercise, and after 3 and 24 h of recovery. Blood was analyzed for interleukin-6, serum iron, ferritin, erythropoietin, and hepcidin. Results: Interleukin-6 was significantly elevated (p < 0.01) immediately post-exercise compared to baseline (NORM: 1.08 ± 0.061 to 3.12 ± 1.80) (HYP: 1.32 ± 0.86 to 2.99 ± 2.02), but was not different between conditions. Hepcidin levels were significantly elevated (p < 0.01) at 3 h post-exercise for both conditions when compared to baseline (NORM: 3.25 ± 1.23 to 7.40 ± 4.00) (HYP: 3.24 ± 1.94 to 5.42 ± 3.20), but were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the HYP trial compared to NORM. No significant differences existed between HYP and NORM for erythropoietin, serum iron, or ferritin. Conclusion: Simulated altitude exposure (~2,900 m) for 3 h following intense interval running attenuates the peak hepcidin levels recorded at 3 h post-exercise. Consequently, a hypoxic recovery after exercise may be useful for athletes with compromised iron status to potentially increase acute dietary iron absorption.

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