There are very few model systems which demonstrate hematopoiesis in vitro. Previously, we described unique splenic stromal cell lines which support the in vitro development of hematopoietic cells and particularly myeloid cells. Here, the 5G3 spleen stromal cell line has been investigated for capacity to support the differentiation of hematopoietic cells from progenitors in vitro. Initially, 5G3 was shown to express markers of mesenchymal but not endothelial or hematopoietic cells and to resemble perivascular reticular cells in the bone marrow through gene expression. In particular, 5G3 resembles CXCL12-abundant reticular cells or perivascular reticular cells, which are important niche elements for hematopoiesis in the bone marrow. To analyse the hematopoietic support function of 5G3, specific signaling pathway inhibitors were tested for the ability to regulate cell production in vitro in cocultures of stroma overlaid with bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. These studies identified an important role for Wnt and Notch pathways as well as tyrosine kinase receptors like c-KIT and PDGFR. Cell production in stromal cocultures constitutes hematopoiesis, since signaling pathways provided by splenic stroma reflect those which support hematopoiesis in the bone marrow.
Lim, H., Periasamy, P., & O'Neill, H. (2018). In vitro murine hematopoiesis supported by signaling from a splenic stromal cell line. Stem Cells International, 2018, 9896142. . https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9896142, https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9896142