Implementing evidence-based practices in supported employment on the Gold Coast for people with severe mental illness

Philip Lee Williams, Chris Lloyd, Geoffrey Waghorn, Tawanda Machingura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


AIM: The aim of this project was to evaluate program outcomes following the implementation of an evidence-based approach to supported employment on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

METHOD: A prospective observational design was used to evaluate employment outcomes and fidelity to the evidence-based principles and practices of a specialised form of supported employment. The cohort was defined as all those (n = 114) that entered the program at each of three sites within a 21-month period. Each participant was followed up for a minimum of six months. All three sites implemented the employment program by establishing a partnership between a non-government organisation and the Gold Coast community mental health service.

RESULTS: The primary outcome variable was the proportion commencing competitive employment during the follow-up period from among those that commenced receiving assistance (the denominator). This ranged from 12% at Site C to 33.3% at Site A, and 37% at Site B. Fidelity to evidence-based principles was fair at Sites A and C and good at Site B. These results were below expectations based on international-controlled trials. The variation in site effectiveness appeared related to both fidelity to evidence-based principles and to other factors at each site, which could not be clearly identified.

CONCLUSIONS: Delivering an effective supported employment program using an inter-agency partnership method is challenging. There are several roles in which occupational therapists can be involved that facilitate improving both the implementation and the effectiveness of supported employment for people with severe mental illness in Australia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-325
Number of pages10
JournalAustralian Occupational Therapy Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


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