Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: A pilot study

Bothaina H Hassan, Jennifer Hewitt, Justin W L Keogh, Sandra Bermeo, Gustavo Duque, Tim R Henwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of progressive resistance training on sarcopenia among very old institutionalized adults was investigated. Residents of Nursing Care Facilities were included in a controlled trial of twice weekly resistance and balance exercise program for six months (Age: 85.9 ± 7.5 years, Time in care: 707.1 ± 707.5 days, N = 21 per group). Sarcopenia was measured based on the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria. Of the recruited 42 participants, 35.7% had sarcopenia at baseline, with prevalence increasing in the control group post-intervention (42.9%-52.4%). Following training, the exercise group experienced a significant increase in grip strength when compared to controls (p = .02), and a within-group decrease in body mass index and increase in grip strength (p ≤ .007). Resistance and balance exercise has positive benefits for older adults residing in a nursing care facilities which may transfer to reduce disability and sarcopenia transition, but more work is needed to ensure improved program uptake among residents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-121
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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