Impact of environmental regulation on government subsides of public-private partnership waste-to-energy incineration projects: Evidence from 66 cities in China

Ye Shen*, Min Xu, Caiyun Cui, Bo Xia, Martin Skitmore, Matthew Moorhead, Yong Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction:
Environmental regulation, as a vital component of public regulation in China, plays a crucial role in coordinating regional eco-efficiency, while the traditional hypothesis, Porter hypothesis, and uncertainty hypothesis offer three different perspectives for understanding the relationship between industry performance and environmental regulations.

Methods:
Based on the assumption of industry heterogeneity, 81 public-private partnership (PPP) waste-to-energy (WTE) incineration projects are analyzed using panel data from 66 cities within China during the period from 2013 to 2017 with the aims to reveal the underlying mechanism behind environmental regulation and the government subsides of public-private partnership waste-to-energy incineration projects by using multiple regression modeling.

Results:
The results show that the impact of environmental regulation on government subsides of PPP WTE projects has demonstrated an “Inverted-U”-shaped relationship with an inflection point, of which an increase in environmental regulation is positively correlated with an increase in subsidies at first then a negative correlation developing later.

Discussion:
The findings are significant in setting flexible environmental regulations according to the needs of regional economic and social development. In addition, they also supply a theoretical reference for promoting the WTE incineration industry’s sustainable and healthy development.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1288851
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Environmental Science
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2024

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