Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C

Simon Langston, Mark S. Edwards, Michael Lyvers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to illness duration, illness coherence, and emotional responses to HCV made significant contributions to the prediction of adjustment. Similarly, the combined contributions of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies explained significant variance across the four adjustment areas. Greater adoption of maladaptive coping strategies predicted poorer physical health, higher reported depression, greater life satisfaction, and positive affect outcomes, while increased engagement with adoptive coping strategies predicted higher positive affect. Increased benefit finding predicted greater positive affect, life satisfaction, and higher depression. Conclusion: Results demonstrate the ability of the SRM features of illness perceptions and coping, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment outcomes within the context of HCV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalAustralian Psychologist
Volume53
Issue number1
Early online date12 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Hepatitis C
Hepacivirus
Aptitude
Depression
Illness
Virus
Health
Positive Affect
Physical
Coping Strategies

Cite this

@article{b81508c99e0a429eb08dd40616b5cc9e,
title = "Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to illness duration, illness coherence, and emotional responses to HCV made significant contributions to the prediction of adjustment. Similarly, the combined contributions of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies explained significant variance across the four adjustment areas. Greater adoption of maladaptive coping strategies predicted poorer physical health, higher reported depression, greater life satisfaction, and positive affect outcomes, while increased engagement with adoptive coping strategies predicted higher positive affect. Increased benefit finding predicted greater positive affect, life satisfaction, and higher depression. Conclusion: Results demonstrate the ability of the SRM features of illness perceptions and coping, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment outcomes within the context of HCV.",
author = "Simon Langston and Edwards, {Mark S.} and Michael Lyvers",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ap.12255",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "87--96",
journal = "Australian Psychologist",
issn = "0005-0067",
publisher = "Wiley-Academy",
number = "1",

}

Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C. / Langston, Simon; Edwards, Mark S.; Lyvers, Michael.

In: Australian Psychologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 01.02.2018, p. 87-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C

AU - Langston, Simon

AU - Edwards, Mark S.

AU - Lyvers, Michael

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to illness duration, illness coherence, and emotional responses to HCV made significant contributions to the prediction of adjustment. Similarly, the combined contributions of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies explained significant variance across the four adjustment areas. Greater adoption of maladaptive coping strategies predicted poorer physical health, higher reported depression, greater life satisfaction, and positive affect outcomes, while increased engagement with adoptive coping strategies predicted higher positive affect. Increased benefit finding predicted greater positive affect, life satisfaction, and higher depression. Conclusion: Results demonstrate the ability of the SRM features of illness perceptions and coping, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment outcomes within the context of HCV.

AB - Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to illness duration, illness coherence, and emotional responses to HCV made significant contributions to the prediction of adjustment. Similarly, the combined contributions of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies explained significant variance across the four adjustment areas. Greater adoption of maladaptive coping strategies predicted poorer physical health, higher reported depression, greater life satisfaction, and positive affect outcomes, while increased engagement with adoptive coping strategies predicted higher positive affect. Increased benefit finding predicted greater positive affect, life satisfaction, and higher depression. Conclusion: Results demonstrate the ability of the SRM features of illness perceptions and coping, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment outcomes within the context of HCV.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84992457806&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ap.12255

DO - 10.1111/ap.12255

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 87

EP - 96

JO - Australian Psychologist

JF - Australian Psychologist

SN - 0005-0067

IS - 1

ER -