Hospital accreditation processes in Saudi Arabia: A thematic analysis of hospital staff experiences

Ali Al Mansour*, Alan F. Merry, Tanisha Jowsey, Jennifer M. Weller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background 

Hospital accreditation by an international organisation can play an important role in health quality and safety. However, little is known about how managers and front-line employees experience and perceive the effects of accreditation. Their views could inform quality improvement processes and procedures. 

Objective 

To explore perceptions of employees at the managerial level on the Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation process and its impact on quality of patient care in Saudi Arabian JCI-accredited hospitals. 

Methods 

We undertook a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to explore the perspectives of senior staff from three accredited public hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Interviews were transcribed prior to thematic analysis. 

Results 

Twenty managers participated in the interviews. The following inter-related themes emerged concerning the JCI accreditation process and its impact on quality of patient care: drivers for the change; the plan for the change; the process of the change; maintaining changes post-accreditation and patients' issues. Participants were positive in their accounts of: drivers for the change; planning for the change needed to achieve accreditation and managing patients' issues. However, participants reported less favourably on: the process of the change; and maintaining changes post-accreditation. 

Conclusion 

The planning stage was perceived as the easiest component of JCI accreditation. Implementing and maintaining changes post-accreditation that demonstrably promote patient safety and quality of care was perceived as more difficult. When planning for accreditation, institutions need to incorporate strategies to ensure that improvements to care continue beyond the accreditation period.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001652
JournalBMJ Open Quality
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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