High origin of a testicular artery: A case report and a review of the literature

George K. Paraskevas*, Orestis Ioannidis, Athanasios Raikos, Basileios Papaziogas, Konstantinos Natsis, Ioannis Spyridakis, Panagiotis Kitsoulis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Although variations in the origin of the testicular artery are not uncommon, few reports about a high origin from the abdominal aorta exist in the literature. We discuss the case of a high origin of the testicular artery, itsembryology, classification systems, and its clinical significance. Case Presentation: We report a very rare case of high origin of the left testicular artery in a 68-year-old Caucasian male cadaver. The artery originated from the anterolateral aspect of the abdominal aorta, 2cm cranially to the ipsilateral renalartery. Approximately 1cm after its origin, it branched off into the inferior suprarenal artery. During its course, the artery crossed anterior to the left renal artery. Conclusions: A knowledge of the variant origin of the testicular artery is important during renal and testicular surgery. The origin and course must be carefully identified in order to preserve normal blood circulation and prevent testicular atrophy. A reduction in gonadal blood flow may lead to varicocele under circumstances. A knowledge of this variant anatomy may be of interest to radiologists and helpful inavoiding diagnostic errors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2011

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    Paraskevas, G. K., Ioannidis, O., Raikos, A., Papaziogas, B., Natsis, K., Spyridakis, I., & Kitsoulis, P. (2011). High origin of a testicular artery: A case report and a review of the literature. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 75. https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-1947-5-75