Hard choices: Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century

John Farrar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Australia is a prosperous country with a complex past and subject to geographical isolation and the tyranny of distance (Blainey, 1983). It is a large land mass, much of which is arid but rich in resources, and it is near to Asia on the one side and New Zealand and remote Pacific Islands on the other. It was sparsely populated by primitive nomadic indigenous people who had their own way of coping with the environment (Broome, 2002, ch. 1). Europeans initially settled Australia as penal colonies after the American War of Independence (Hughes, 1988). The size of the continent meant the settlement of separate colonies which subsequently formed a federation as the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (Clark, 1995, chs. 5-6; Welsh, 2004, ch. 9). The sparseness of the population and the proximity of Asia led to fears of an Asian invasion (Windschuttle, 2004; Day, 2005, chs. 11-12). In the gold rushes of the 19th century, there was an influx of Chinese immigrants (Fitzgerald, 2007; Day, 2005, ch. 12). In a very interesting book written in 1893, National Life and Character: A Forecast, Charles Pearson, former Oxbridge don and King’s College London Professor who became Minister of Education in Victoria, put forward this striking argument (pp. 84-85): The day will come, and perhaps is not far distant, when the European observer will look round to see the globe girdled with a continuous zone of the black and yellow races, no longer too weak for aggression or under tutelage, but independent, or practically so, in government, monopolising the trade of their own regions, and circumscribing the industry of the Europeans; when Chinamen and the natives of Hindostan, the states of Central and South America, by that time predominantly Indian … are represented by fleets in the European seas, invited to international conferences and welcomed as allies in quarrels of the civilized world….

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing
Pages3-23
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9789814632874
ISBN (Print)9789814632867
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Central America
invasion
federation
gold
allies
minister
aggression
social isolation
New Zealand
coping
university teacher
immigrant
anxiety
industry
resources
Asia
education
time
Aggression
Observer

Cite this

Farrar, J. (2015). Hard choices: Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century. In Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century (pp. 3-23). World Scientific Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814632874_0002
Farrar, John. / Hard choices : Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century. Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century. World Scientific Publishing, 2015. pp. 3-23
@inbook{e5dfeaaf7a094a5a8ecb9119dab31be9,
title = "Hard choices: Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century",
abstract = "Australia is a prosperous country with a complex past and subject to geographical isolation and the tyranny of distance (Blainey, 1983). It is a large land mass, much of which is arid but rich in resources, and it is near to Asia on the one side and New Zealand and remote Pacific Islands on the other. It was sparsely populated by primitive nomadic indigenous people who had their own way of coping with the environment (Broome, 2002, ch. 1). Europeans initially settled Australia as penal colonies after the American War of Independence (Hughes, 1988). The size of the continent meant the settlement of separate colonies which subsequently formed a federation as the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (Clark, 1995, chs. 5-6; Welsh, 2004, ch. 9). The sparseness of the population and the proximity of Asia led to fears of an Asian invasion (Windschuttle, 2004; Day, 2005, chs. 11-12). In the gold rushes of the 19th century, there was an influx of Chinese immigrants (Fitzgerald, 2007; Day, 2005, ch. 12). In a very interesting book written in 1893, National Life and Character: A Forecast, Charles Pearson, former Oxbridge don and King’s College London Professor who became Minister of Education in Victoria, put forward this striking argument (pp. 84-85): The day will come, and perhaps is not far distant, when the European observer will look round to see the globe girdled with a continuous zone of the black and yellow races, no longer too weak for aggression or under tutelage, but independent, or practically so, in government, monopolising the trade of their own regions, and circumscribing the industry of the Europeans; when Chinamen and the natives of Hindostan, the states of Central and South America, by that time predominantly Indian … are represented by fleets in the European seas, invited to international conferences and welcomed as allies in quarrels of the civilized world….",
author = "John Farrar",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1142/9789814632874_0002",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789814632867",
pages = "3--23",
booktitle = "Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century",
publisher = "World Scientific Publishing",
address = "Singapore",

}

Farrar, J 2015, Hard choices: Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century. in Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century. World Scientific Publishing, pp. 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814632874_0002

Hard choices : Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century. / Farrar, John.

Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century. World Scientific Publishing, 2015. p. 3-23.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Hard choices

T2 - Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century

AU - Farrar, John

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Australia is a prosperous country with a complex past and subject to geographical isolation and the tyranny of distance (Blainey, 1983). It is a large land mass, much of which is arid but rich in resources, and it is near to Asia on the one side and New Zealand and remote Pacific Islands on the other. It was sparsely populated by primitive nomadic indigenous people who had their own way of coping with the environment (Broome, 2002, ch. 1). Europeans initially settled Australia as penal colonies after the American War of Independence (Hughes, 1988). The size of the continent meant the settlement of separate colonies which subsequently formed a federation as the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (Clark, 1995, chs. 5-6; Welsh, 2004, ch. 9). The sparseness of the population and the proximity of Asia led to fears of an Asian invasion (Windschuttle, 2004; Day, 2005, chs. 11-12). In the gold rushes of the 19th century, there was an influx of Chinese immigrants (Fitzgerald, 2007; Day, 2005, ch. 12). In a very interesting book written in 1893, National Life and Character: A Forecast, Charles Pearson, former Oxbridge don and King’s College London Professor who became Minister of Education in Victoria, put forward this striking argument (pp. 84-85): The day will come, and perhaps is not far distant, when the European observer will look round to see the globe girdled with a continuous zone of the black and yellow races, no longer too weak for aggression or under tutelage, but independent, or practically so, in government, monopolising the trade of their own regions, and circumscribing the industry of the Europeans; when Chinamen and the natives of Hindostan, the states of Central and South America, by that time predominantly Indian … are represented by fleets in the European seas, invited to international conferences and welcomed as allies in quarrels of the civilized world….

AB - Australia is a prosperous country with a complex past and subject to geographical isolation and the tyranny of distance (Blainey, 1983). It is a large land mass, much of which is arid but rich in resources, and it is near to Asia on the one side and New Zealand and remote Pacific Islands on the other. It was sparsely populated by primitive nomadic indigenous people who had their own way of coping with the environment (Broome, 2002, ch. 1). Europeans initially settled Australia as penal colonies after the American War of Independence (Hughes, 1988). The size of the continent meant the settlement of separate colonies which subsequently formed a federation as the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (Clark, 1995, chs. 5-6; Welsh, 2004, ch. 9). The sparseness of the population and the proximity of Asia led to fears of an Asian invasion (Windschuttle, 2004; Day, 2005, chs. 11-12). In the gold rushes of the 19th century, there was an influx of Chinese immigrants (Fitzgerald, 2007; Day, 2005, ch. 12). In a very interesting book written in 1893, National Life and Character: A Forecast, Charles Pearson, former Oxbridge don and King’s College London Professor who became Minister of Education in Victoria, put forward this striking argument (pp. 84-85): The day will come, and perhaps is not far distant, when the European observer will look round to see the globe girdled with a continuous zone of the black and yellow races, no longer too weak for aggression or under tutelage, but independent, or practically so, in government, monopolising the trade of their own regions, and circumscribing the industry of the Europeans; when Chinamen and the natives of Hindostan, the states of Central and South America, by that time predominantly Indian … are represented by fleets in the European seas, invited to international conferences and welcomed as allies in quarrels of the civilized world….

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988603437&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1142/9789814632874_0002

DO - 10.1142/9789814632874_0002

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789814632867

SP - 3

EP - 23

BT - Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century

PB - World Scientific Publishing

ER -

Farrar J. Hard choices: Defining Australia’s national interest in the Asian century. In Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century. World Scientific Publishing. 2015. p. 3-23 https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814632874_0002