Guidelines for the treatment of PTSD using clinical EFT (emotional freedom techniques)

Dawson Church, Peta Berenice Stapleton*, Phil Mollon, David Feinstein, Elizabeth Boath, David Mackay, Rebecca Sims

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is an evidence-based method that combines acupressure with elements drawn from cognitive and exposure therapies. The approach has been validated in more than 100 clinical trials. Its efficacy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been investigated in a variety of demographic groups including war veterans, victims of sexual violence, the spouses of PTSD sufferers, motor accident survivors, prisoners, hospital patients, adolescents, and survivors of natural and human-caused disasters. Meta-analyses of EFT for anxiety, depression, and PTSD indicate treatment effects that exceed those of both psychopharmacology and conventional psychotherapy. Studies of EFT in the treatment of PTSD show that (a) time frames for successful treatment generally range from four to 10 sessions; (b) group therapy sessions are effective; (c) comorbid conditions such as anxiety and depression improve simultaneously; (d) the risk of adverse events is low; (e) treatment produces physiological as well as psychological improvements; (f) patient gains persist over time; (g) the approach is cost-effective; (h) biomarkers such as stress hormones and genes are regulated; and (i) the method can be adapted to online and telemedicine applications. This paper recommends guidelines for the use of EFT in treating PTSD derived from the literature and a detailed practitioner survey. It has been reviewed by the major institutions providing training or supporting research in the method. The guidelines recommend a stepped-care model, with five treatment sessions for subclinical PTSD, 10 sessions for PTSD, and escalation to intensive psychotherapy or psychopharmacology or both for nonresponsive patients and those with developmental trauma. Group therapy, social support, apps, and online and telemedicine methods also contribute to a successful treatment plan
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalHealthcare
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2018

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Guidelines
Psychopharmacology
Telemedicine
Group Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Therapeutics
Survivors
Anxiety
Acupressure
Implosive Therapy
Depression
Prisoners
Sex Offenses
Cognitive Therapy
Disasters
Veterans
Spouses
Social Support
Accidents

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Church, Dawson ; Stapleton, Peta Berenice ; Mollon, Phil ; Feinstein, David ; Boath, Elizabeth ; Mackay, David ; Sims, Rebecca. / Guidelines for the treatment of PTSD using clinical EFT (emotional freedom techniques). In: Healthcare. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 4.
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Guidelines for the treatment of PTSD using clinical EFT (emotional freedom techniques). / Church, Dawson; Stapleton, Peta Berenice; Mollon, Phil; Feinstein, David; Boath, Elizabeth; Mackay, David; Sims, Rebecca.

In: Healthcare, Vol. 6, No. 4, 12.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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