Group exercise at self-selected exercise significantly improves feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers

Robert Stanton, Peter R J Reaburn, Brenda Happell

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting may offer significant therapeutic benefit. Previous research has shown that acute group exercise at a self-selected intensity improves well-being, vigour, mood and calmness in people with mental illness. However, the impact of exercise undertaken at self-selected intensity on other feeling states is less well established. Any differences in the feeling state responses between consumers with differing diagnoses are important in individualising the delivery of exercise, maximising the potential benefits of exercise, and minimising adverse effects in the inpatient setting. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine changes in feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers diagnosed with anxiety, bipolar or depressive disorders, following participation in a group exercise program performed at self-selected intensity. Methods: Forty adult (45.1 ± 13.8 years, 33.1 ± 9.6 kg m−2) inpatient mental health consumers with anxiety disorders (n = 14), bipolar disorders (n = 12) or depressive disorders (n = 14) completed the Exercise Induced Feeling Inventory prior to, and immediately following, an inpatient group exercise class comprising aerobic and resistance exercise performed at self-selected intensity. Within-person, paired sample t tests examined pre-post changes in Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquillity, and Physical Exhaustion. Results: For the group as a whole, participation in group exercise at self-selected intensity resulted in significant improvements in Positive Engagement (t(39) = 4.079, p < 0.001), Revitalisation (t(39) = 2.881, p = 0.006) and Tranquility (t(39) = 5.406, p < 0.001). When categorised by diagnosis, consumers with anxiety disorders showed a significant improvement in Tranquility (t(13) = 3.225, p = 0.007), while consumers with bipolar disorders showed significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(11) = 2.538, p = 0.028), Revitalisation (t(11) = 3.125, p = 0.010), and Tranquility (t(11) = 4.690, p = 0.001). Consumers with depressive disorders showed a significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(13) = 2.511, p = 0.026) only. Neither the group as a whole, nor any diagnostic group, showed an increase in Physical Exhaustion. Discussion: This study demonstrates that group exercise which includes aerobic and resistance exercise and is delivered in the impatient mental health setting improves feelings of Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquility, without significantly increasing feelings of Physical Exhaustion. These findings support the potential therapeutic role of group exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting. Important to consider, however, are the condition-specific differences in responses between consumers with anxiety, bipolar, or depressive disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Article number213
Pages (from-to)e93
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume20
Issue numberSuppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Inpatients
Mental Health
Emotions
Exercise
Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Equipment and Supplies

Cite this

@article{e18d89e71e0247a2b9f83e096cc21c72,
title = "Group exercise at self-selected exercise significantly improves feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers",
abstract = "Background: Exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting may offer significant therapeutic benefit. Previous research has shown that acute group exercise at a self-selected intensity improves well-being, vigour, mood and calmness in people with mental illness. However, the impact of exercise undertaken at self-selected intensity on other feeling states is less well established. Any differences in the feeling state responses between consumers with differing diagnoses are important in individualising the delivery of exercise, maximising the potential benefits of exercise, and minimising adverse effects in the inpatient setting. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine changes in feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers diagnosed with anxiety, bipolar or depressive disorders, following participation in a group exercise program performed at self-selected intensity. Methods: Forty adult (45.1 ± 13.8 years, 33.1 ± 9.6 kg m−2) inpatient mental health consumers with anxiety disorders (n = 14), bipolar disorders (n = 12) or depressive disorders (n = 14) completed the Exercise Induced Feeling Inventory prior to, and immediately following, an inpatient group exercise class comprising aerobic and resistance exercise performed at self-selected intensity. Within-person, paired sample t tests examined pre-post changes in Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquillity, and Physical Exhaustion. Results: For the group as a whole, participation in group exercise at self-selected intensity resulted in significant improvements in Positive Engagement (t(39) = 4.079, p < 0.001), Revitalisation (t(39) = 2.881, p = 0.006) and Tranquility (t(39) = 5.406, p < 0.001). When categorised by diagnosis, consumers with anxiety disorders showed a significant improvement in Tranquility (t(13) = 3.225, p = 0.007), while consumers with bipolar disorders showed significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(11) = 2.538, p = 0.028), Revitalisation (t(11) = 3.125, p = 0.010), and Tranquility (t(11) = 4.690, p = 0.001). Consumers with depressive disorders showed a significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(13) = 2.511, p = 0.026) only. Neither the group as a whole, nor any diagnostic group, showed an increase in Physical Exhaustion. Discussion: This study demonstrates that group exercise which includes aerobic and resistance exercise and is delivered in the impatient mental health setting improves feelings of Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquility, without significantly increasing feelings of Physical Exhaustion. These findings support the potential therapeutic role of group exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting. Important to consider, however, are the condition-specific differences in responses between consumers with anxiety, bipolar, or depressive disorders.",
author = "Robert Stanton and Reaburn, {Peter R J} and Brenda Happell",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsams.2017.01.062",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "e93",
journal = "Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport",
issn = "1440-2440",
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}

Group exercise at self-selected exercise significantly improves feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers. / Stanton, Robert; Reaburn, Peter R J; Happell, Brenda.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 20, No. Suppl 1, 213, 01.2017, p. e93.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group exercise at self-selected exercise significantly improves feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers

AU - Stanton, Robert

AU - Reaburn, Peter R J

AU - Happell, Brenda

PY - 2017/1

Y1 - 2017/1

N2 - Background: Exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting may offer significant therapeutic benefit. Previous research has shown that acute group exercise at a self-selected intensity improves well-being, vigour, mood and calmness in people with mental illness. However, the impact of exercise undertaken at self-selected intensity on other feeling states is less well established. Any differences in the feeling state responses between consumers with differing diagnoses are important in individualising the delivery of exercise, maximising the potential benefits of exercise, and minimising adverse effects in the inpatient setting. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine changes in feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers diagnosed with anxiety, bipolar or depressive disorders, following participation in a group exercise program performed at self-selected intensity. Methods: Forty adult (45.1 ± 13.8 years, 33.1 ± 9.6 kg m−2) inpatient mental health consumers with anxiety disorders (n = 14), bipolar disorders (n = 12) or depressive disorders (n = 14) completed the Exercise Induced Feeling Inventory prior to, and immediately following, an inpatient group exercise class comprising aerobic and resistance exercise performed at self-selected intensity. Within-person, paired sample t tests examined pre-post changes in Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquillity, and Physical Exhaustion. Results: For the group as a whole, participation in group exercise at self-selected intensity resulted in significant improvements in Positive Engagement (t(39) = 4.079, p < 0.001), Revitalisation (t(39) = 2.881, p = 0.006) and Tranquility (t(39) = 5.406, p < 0.001). When categorised by diagnosis, consumers with anxiety disorders showed a significant improvement in Tranquility (t(13) = 3.225, p = 0.007), while consumers with bipolar disorders showed significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(11) = 2.538, p = 0.028), Revitalisation (t(11) = 3.125, p = 0.010), and Tranquility (t(11) = 4.690, p = 0.001). Consumers with depressive disorders showed a significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(13) = 2.511, p = 0.026) only. Neither the group as a whole, nor any diagnostic group, showed an increase in Physical Exhaustion. Discussion: This study demonstrates that group exercise which includes aerobic and resistance exercise and is delivered in the impatient mental health setting improves feelings of Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquility, without significantly increasing feelings of Physical Exhaustion. These findings support the potential therapeutic role of group exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting. Important to consider, however, are the condition-specific differences in responses between consumers with anxiety, bipolar, or depressive disorders.

AB - Background: Exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting may offer significant therapeutic benefit. Previous research has shown that acute group exercise at a self-selected intensity improves well-being, vigour, mood and calmness in people with mental illness. However, the impact of exercise undertaken at self-selected intensity on other feeling states is less well established. Any differences in the feeling state responses between consumers with differing diagnoses are important in individualising the delivery of exercise, maximising the potential benefits of exercise, and minimising adverse effects in the inpatient setting. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine changes in feeling states in inpatient mental health consumers diagnosed with anxiety, bipolar or depressive disorders, following participation in a group exercise program performed at self-selected intensity. Methods: Forty adult (45.1 ± 13.8 years, 33.1 ± 9.6 kg m−2) inpatient mental health consumers with anxiety disorders (n = 14), bipolar disorders (n = 12) or depressive disorders (n = 14) completed the Exercise Induced Feeling Inventory prior to, and immediately following, an inpatient group exercise class comprising aerobic and resistance exercise performed at self-selected intensity. Within-person, paired sample t tests examined pre-post changes in Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquillity, and Physical Exhaustion. Results: For the group as a whole, participation in group exercise at self-selected intensity resulted in significant improvements in Positive Engagement (t(39) = 4.079, p < 0.001), Revitalisation (t(39) = 2.881, p = 0.006) and Tranquility (t(39) = 5.406, p < 0.001). When categorised by diagnosis, consumers with anxiety disorders showed a significant improvement in Tranquility (t(13) = 3.225, p = 0.007), while consumers with bipolar disorders showed significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(11) = 2.538, p = 0.028), Revitalisation (t(11) = 3.125, p = 0.010), and Tranquility (t(11) = 4.690, p = 0.001). Consumers with depressive disorders showed a significant improvement in Positive Engagement (t(13) = 2.511, p = 0.026) only. Neither the group as a whole, nor any diagnostic group, showed an increase in Physical Exhaustion. Discussion: This study demonstrates that group exercise which includes aerobic and resistance exercise and is delivered in the impatient mental health setting improves feelings of Positive Engagement, Revitalisation, Tranquility, without significantly increasing feelings of Physical Exhaustion. These findings support the potential therapeutic role of group exercise delivered in the inpatient mental health setting. Important to consider, however, are the condition-specific differences in responses between consumers with anxiety, bipolar, or depressive disorders.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.01.062

DO - 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.01.062

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 20

SP - e93

JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

IS - Suppl 1

M1 - 213

ER -