Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas

David J. Maguire, Nicholas A. Lintell, Michael McCabe, Lyn R Griffith, Kevin Ashton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early last century Warburg1 described differences in metabolism between normal and cancer cells, however subsequent research did not bear out what he considered to be the “primary cause of cancer,” i.e., the replacement of respiration by fermentation 2. Since then attention continues to periodically focus on analysis of the enzymology &/or energetics of oxygen metabolism in cancer cells. Despite such studies, there is still debate as to whether cancers shift towards aerobic metabolism or transform toward a more anaerobic metabolism3. While many theories were advanced to explain those findings, no consistent pattern emerged to correlate the changes observed across all cancers studied. Among many such studies was an investigation we carried out into the enzymology and isoenzymology of human non-melanotic skin cancers (NMSCs). In that research, the levels of three enzymes involved in glucose metabolism, namely lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase and glucose-6-phospshate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), were shown to be depressed in basal cell carcinoma tissue (BCC) compared to normal skin. By contrast, the level of another enzyme, NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase was elevated. Those results confirmed the fmdings of Halprin’s group4. In further studies of the same material, the isoenzyme patterns of two of those enzymes were altered in BCC relative to normal skin. The changes seen in the LDH isoenzyme patterns, i.e. increases in the anionic species, were consistent with a shift to a more anaerobic metabolism as were the changes observed in aldolase. To further characterize the oxygen metabolism of BCC, the respiration of small volumes of tissue were directly measured using oxygen electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxygen Transport to Tissue XXV
EditorsMaureen Thorniley, David K Harrison, Philip E James
PublisherSpringer
Pages251-256
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Volume540
ISSN (Print)0065-2598

Fingerprint

Basal Cell Carcinoma
Metabolism
Respiration
Cells
Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase
Tissue
Neoplasms
Skin
Oxygen
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Isoenzymes
Enzymes
Anaerobiosis
Glucose
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
Skin Neoplasms
Research
Fermentation
NADP
Oxidoreductases

Cite this

Maguire, D. J., Lintell, N. A., McCabe, M., Griffith, L. R., & Ashton, K. (2003). Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas. In M. Thorniley, D. K. Harrison, & P. E. James (Eds.), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXV (pp. 251-256). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 540). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-6125-2_35
Maguire, David J. ; Lintell, Nicholas A. ; McCabe, Michael ; Griffith, Lyn R ; Ashton, Kevin. / Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXV. editor / Maureen Thorniley ; David K Harrison ; Philip E James. Springer, 2003. pp. 251-256 (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).
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abstract = "Early last century Warburg1 described differences in metabolism between normal and cancer cells, however subsequent research did not bear out what he considered to be the “primary cause of cancer,” i.e., the replacement of respiration by fermentation 2. Since then attention continues to periodically focus on analysis of the enzymology &/or energetics of oxygen metabolism in cancer cells. Despite such studies, there is still debate as to whether cancers shift towards aerobic metabolism or transform toward a more anaerobic metabolism3. While many theories were advanced to explain those findings, no consistent pattern emerged to correlate the changes observed across all cancers studied. Among many such studies was an investigation we carried out into the enzymology and isoenzymology of human non-melanotic skin cancers (NMSCs). In that research, the levels of three enzymes involved in glucose metabolism, namely lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase and glucose-6-phospshate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), were shown to be depressed in basal cell carcinoma tissue (BCC) compared to normal skin. By contrast, the level of another enzyme, NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase was elevated. Those results confirmed the fmdings of Halprin’s group4. In further studies of the same material, the isoenzyme patterns of two of those enzymes were altered in BCC relative to normal skin. The changes seen in the LDH isoenzyme patterns, i.e. increases in the anionic species, were consistent with a shift to a more anaerobic metabolism as were the changes observed in aldolase. To further characterize the oxygen metabolism of BCC, the respiration of small volumes of tissue were directly measured using oxygen electrodes.",
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Maguire, DJ, Lintell, NA, McCabe, M, Griffith, LR & Ashton, K 2003, Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas. in M Thorniley, DK Harrison & PE James (eds), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXV. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 540, Springer, pp. 251-256. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-6125-2_35

Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas. / Maguire, David J.; Lintell, Nicholas A.; McCabe, Michael; Griffith, Lyn R; Ashton, Kevin.

Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXV. ed. / Maureen Thorniley; David K Harrison; Philip E James. Springer, 2003. p. 251-256 (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 540).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

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AB - Early last century Warburg1 described differences in metabolism between normal and cancer cells, however subsequent research did not bear out what he considered to be the “primary cause of cancer,” i.e., the replacement of respiration by fermentation 2. Since then attention continues to periodically focus on analysis of the enzymology &/or energetics of oxygen metabolism in cancer cells. Despite such studies, there is still debate as to whether cancers shift towards aerobic metabolism or transform toward a more anaerobic metabolism3. While many theories were advanced to explain those findings, no consistent pattern emerged to correlate the changes observed across all cancers studied. Among many such studies was an investigation we carried out into the enzymology and isoenzymology of human non-melanotic skin cancers (NMSCs). In that research, the levels of three enzymes involved in glucose metabolism, namely lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase and glucose-6-phospshate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), were shown to be depressed in basal cell carcinoma tissue (BCC) compared to normal skin. By contrast, the level of another enzyme, NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase was elevated. Those results confirmed the fmdings of Halprin’s group4. In further studies of the same material, the isoenzyme patterns of two of those enzymes were altered in BCC relative to normal skin. The changes seen in the LDH isoenzyme patterns, i.e. increases in the anionic species, were consistent with a shift to a more anaerobic metabolism as were the changes observed in aldolase. To further characterize the oxygen metabolism of BCC, the respiration of small volumes of tissue were directly measured using oxygen electrodes.

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Maguire DJ, Lintell NA, McCabe M, Griffith LR, Ashton K. Genomic and phenomic correlations in the respiration of basal cell carcinomas. In Thorniley M, Harrison DK, James PE, editors, Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXV. Springer. 2003. p. 251-256. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-6125-2_35