Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise

Michael Kakanis, Athol Bon Gray, Jonathan Peake, Michael Simmonds, Ekua Brenu, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The focus of this study was to assess exercise-induced alterations in circulating γδ T cell subpopulations and memory phenotypes after a prolonged heavy-intensity exercise bout. Ten highly-trained endurance cyclists (mean ± SEM: age 24.0 ± 1.3 years; height 1.81 ± 0.02 m; body mass 73.3 ± 1.8 kg; peak oxygen uptake 60.7 ± 1.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) performed 2 h of cycling exercise at 90% of the second ventilatory threshold. Blood samples were collected before exercise, immediately post-exercise, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h post-exercise. Flow cytometry was used to examine γδ T cell subsets, memory phenotypes and receptor expression. A significant decrease in cell concentration was observed in total γδ T cells and the δ2 subset from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Further analysis of the δ2 subset revealed a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise in naive δ2 cells, and a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h and 2 h post-exercise in central memory δ2 cells. A significant decrease was observed in γδ T cells expressing CD11ahigh, CD62Lhigh and CD94+ from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Furthermore, a significant decrease was observed from pre-exercise to 1 h post-exercise in CD62Llow and CD94- γδ T cells. These results suggest an exercise-stress-induced redistribution of γδ T cells from the circulation with greater propensity for antigen stimulation, tissue and lymph node homing potential for a duration of 4 h after the cessation of exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Number of pages1
JournalInternational Journal of Exercise Science
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event11th ISEI Symposium - Newcastle, Australia
Duration: 9 Sep 201312 Sep 2013

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Somatostatin-Secreting Cells
T-Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Phenotype
Flow Cytometry
Lymph Nodes
Oxygen
Antigens

Cite this

Kakanis, M., Gray, A. B., Peake, J., Simmonds, M., Brenu, E., & Marshall-Gradisnik, S. (2013). Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise. International Journal of Exercise Science , 10(1), [23].
Kakanis, Michael ; Gray, Athol Bon ; Peake, Jonathan ; Simmonds, Michael ; Brenu, Ekua ; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya. / Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise. In: International Journal of Exercise Science . 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
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abstract = "The focus of this study was to assess exercise-induced alterations in circulating γδ T cell subpopulations and memory phenotypes after a prolonged heavy-intensity exercise bout. Ten highly-trained endurance cyclists (mean ± SEM: age 24.0 ± 1.3 years; height 1.81 ± 0.02 m; body mass 73.3 ± 1.8 kg; peak oxygen uptake 60.7 ± 1.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) performed 2 h of cycling exercise at 90{\%} of the second ventilatory threshold. Blood samples were collected before exercise, immediately post-exercise, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h post-exercise. Flow cytometry was used to examine γδ T cell subsets, memory phenotypes and receptor expression. A significant decrease in cell concentration was observed in total γδ T cells and the δ2 subset from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Further analysis of the δ2 subset revealed a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise in naive δ2 cells, and a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h and 2 h post-exercise in central memory δ2 cells. A significant decrease was observed in γδ T cells expressing CD11ahigh, CD62Lhigh and CD94+ from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Furthermore, a significant decrease was observed from pre-exercise to 1 h post-exercise in CD62Llow and CD94- γδ T cells. These results suggest an exercise-stress-induced redistribution of γδ T cells from the circulation with greater propensity for antigen stimulation, tissue and lymph node homing potential for a duration of 4 h after the cessation of exercise.",
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Kakanis, M, Gray, AB, Peake, J, Simmonds, M, Brenu, E & Marshall-Gradisnik, S 2013, 'Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise' International Journal of Exercise Science , vol. 10, no. 1, 23.

Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise. / Kakanis, Michael; Gray, Athol Bon; Peake, Jonathan; Simmonds, Michael; Brenu, Ekua; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya.

In: International Journal of Exercise Science , Vol. 10, No. 1, 23, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise

AU - Kakanis, Michael

AU - Gray, Athol Bon

AU - Peake, Jonathan

AU - Simmonds, Michael

AU - Brenu, Ekua

AU - Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The focus of this study was to assess exercise-induced alterations in circulating γδ T cell subpopulations and memory phenotypes after a prolonged heavy-intensity exercise bout. Ten highly-trained endurance cyclists (mean ± SEM: age 24.0 ± 1.3 years; height 1.81 ± 0.02 m; body mass 73.3 ± 1.8 kg; peak oxygen uptake 60.7 ± 1.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) performed 2 h of cycling exercise at 90% of the second ventilatory threshold. Blood samples were collected before exercise, immediately post-exercise, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h post-exercise. Flow cytometry was used to examine γδ T cell subsets, memory phenotypes and receptor expression. A significant decrease in cell concentration was observed in total γδ T cells and the δ2 subset from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Further analysis of the δ2 subset revealed a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise in naive δ2 cells, and a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h and 2 h post-exercise in central memory δ2 cells. A significant decrease was observed in γδ T cells expressing CD11ahigh, CD62Lhigh and CD94+ from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Furthermore, a significant decrease was observed from pre-exercise to 1 h post-exercise in CD62Llow and CD94- γδ T cells. These results suggest an exercise-stress-induced redistribution of γδ T cells from the circulation with greater propensity for antigen stimulation, tissue and lymph node homing potential for a duration of 4 h after the cessation of exercise.

AB - The focus of this study was to assess exercise-induced alterations in circulating γδ T cell subpopulations and memory phenotypes after a prolonged heavy-intensity exercise bout. Ten highly-trained endurance cyclists (mean ± SEM: age 24.0 ± 1.3 years; height 1.81 ± 0.02 m; body mass 73.3 ± 1.8 kg; peak oxygen uptake 60.7 ± 1.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) performed 2 h of cycling exercise at 90% of the second ventilatory threshold. Blood samples were collected before exercise, immediately post-exercise, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h post-exercise. Flow cytometry was used to examine γδ T cell subsets, memory phenotypes and receptor expression. A significant decrease in cell concentration was observed in total γδ T cells and the δ2 subset from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Further analysis of the δ2 subset revealed a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise in naive δ2 cells, and a significant decrease from pre-exercise to 1 h and 2 h post-exercise in central memory δ2 cells. A significant decrease was observed in γδ T cells expressing CD11ahigh, CD62Lhigh and CD94+ from pre-exercise to 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h post-exercise. Furthermore, a significant decrease was observed from pre-exercise to 1 h post-exercise in CD62Llow and CD94- γδ T cells. These results suggest an exercise-stress-induced redistribution of γδ T cells from the circulation with greater propensity for antigen stimulation, tissue and lymph node homing potential for a duration of 4 h after the cessation of exercise.

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 10

JO - International Journal of Exercise Science

JF - International Journal of Exercise Science

SN - 1939-795X

IS - 1

M1 - 23

ER -

Kakanis M, Gray AB, Peake J, Simmonds M, Brenu E, Marshall-Gradisnik S. Gamma Delta T cell response to prolonged heavy endurance exercise. International Journal of Exercise Science . 2013;10(1). 23.