When people wish to take legal action in relation to damage suffered due to medical procedures carried out overseas, they are faced with complex issues. First, in which country can they sue? Second, which country's laws will govern the dispute? And third, where can a potential favourable judgment be enforced? This article examines these private international law issues in the context of medical tourism. In doing so, particular emphasis is placed on investigating the private international law issues that would arise if an Australian citizen wanted to take action against a foreign provider of medical services, in relation to services rendered overseas.