Fitness Levels Explain Differences In Performance On A Patrol Officer Specific Physical Ability Test

Melissa Uftring, Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie, Rob Marc Orr, Charlie Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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Abstract

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) are often called upon to perform physically demanding tasks as part of their normal job duties. Physical ability tests (PATs) are frequently used by employers within physically demanding occupations to determine an individual’s ability to perform essential occupational tasks. Trainees and qualified officers need to understand the physical fitness demands associated with successful performance in each component in order to be physically prepared to perform PATs and related occupational tasks.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether significant differences existed between high, average, and low performers on an occupationally specific PAT based on fitness, sex, and anthropometric characteristics among state patrol officers.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 275 LEOs (age = 38.0 ± 7.6 yr; females, n = 19; males, n = 256; body mass = 91.1 ± 15.0 kg). Physical fitness measures, included: body fat % (BF), vertical jump (VJ), sit-and-reach test (SR), 1-minute sit-up (SU), 1-minute push-up (PU), and 2.4 km run time (2.4R). The PAT consisted of several tasks, such as a simulated pursuit, victim drag, vehicle push, traversing an embankment, low crawl, and barrier jump. A principal component analysis was utilized to determine differences in performance between high, moderate and low performers on the PAT. Where possible, the data were also analyzed by sex.

RESULTS: The statistical analysis revealed that lower dynamic fitness and BF explained 50% of the variance in PAT performance between groups, with flexibility explaining an additional 15% of the variance. PAT performance was also predicted by 2.4R in both sexes, and by 2.4R, SR, SU, and age in men.

CONCLUSION: Physical fitness relates to several occupational demands in law enforcement. When designing programs to assist LEO with improving their performance on PAT and occupational tasks, strength and conditioning professionals should focus on developing aerobic capacity, trunk muscular endurance, and whole-body anaerobic power.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 25 Oct 2019
EventAmerican College of Sports Medicine Central States Annual Meeting - Broken Arrow, United States
Duration: 24 Oct 201925 Oct 2019
http://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/central-states/annual-meeting

Conference

ConferenceAmerican College of Sports Medicine Central States Annual Meeting
Abbreviated titleACSM
CountryUnited States
CityBroken Arrow
Period24/10/1925/10/19
Internet address

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Uftring, M., Dawes, J., Lockie, R. G., Orr, R. M., Kornhauser, C., & Holmes, R. (2019). Fitness Levels Explain Differences In Performance On A Patrol Officer Specific Physical Ability Test. Poster session presented at American College of Sports Medicine Central States Annual Meeting, Broken Arrow, United States.