Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody

Matthew R. Moreno, Karly A. Cesario , Joseph Dulla, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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Abstract

Deputy sheriffs are typically required to work in custody prior to patrol. The
sedentary job demands of custody, and lack of a mandated fitness standard, may
influence the general health of deputies and their ability to perform patrol job
tasks. The purpose of this study was to examine fitness characteristics of deputies
after working custody. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 (♂ = 48, ♀
= 12; age = 33 ± 6.3 years) deputies from one patrol school class. Health and
fitness assessments included: fat mass; body mass index (BMI); resting blood
pressure; grip strength; sit and reach; push-ups and sit-ups in 60 s; and recovery
heart rate from a YMCA 3-min step test as a measure of aerobic fitness. Data
were compared to ACSM age and sex-related norms, or law enforcement norms
for push-ups and sit-ups. Analyzing body fat, 1.69% of the deputies were
classified as good, 10.17% as fair, 28.81% as poor, and 59.32% as very poor. For
BMI, 18.33% were normal, 45% were overweight, 26.67% were class I obesity,
and 10% were class II obesity. For blood pressure, 13.33% of the deputies had
normal blood pressure, 13.33% had elevated blood pressure, 30% were
considered stage 1 hypertension, 41.67% were considered stage 2 hypertension,
and 1.67% in a hypertensive crisis. Considering grip strength, 12.07% were above
average, 12.07% were average, 15.52% were below average, while 60.34% were
poor. For the sit and reach, 1.72% were excellent, 10.34% were very good,
18.97% were good, 25.86% were fair, and 43.1% were deemed as needing
improvement. When comparing push-ups to other law enforcement officers,
13.04% were in the 76th
-100th percentile, 34.78% in the 51st
-75th, 21.74% in the
26th
-50th, and 30.43% in the 1st
-25th percentile. The same comparison for sit-ups
resulted in 10.64% of the class in the 76th
-100th percentile, 8.52% in the 51st
-75th
,
36.18% in the 26th
-50th, and 44.69% in the 1st
-25th percentile. For the YMCA step
test, 5% were above average, 6.67% were average, 21.67% of the deputies were
below average, 40% poor, and 26.67% very poor. Post custody assignments,
deputy sheriffs exhibit health and fitness trends that were below the general
population and other law enforcement officers. Agency staff should encourage,
and facilitate, the maintenance of health and fitness of deputies working in
custody to ensure deputies are fit for life and duty.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine - Costa Mesa Hilton, Costa Mesa, United States
Duration: 26 Oct 201827 Oct 2018
Conference number: 38th
https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest/southwest-l2

Conference

ConferenceThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine
Abbreviated titleSWACSM
CountryUnited States
CityCosta Mesa
Period26/10/1827/10/18
Internet address

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Health
Police
Hand Strength
Blood Pressure
Obesity
Hypertension
Law Enforcement
Exercise Test
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Fats

Cite this

Moreno, M. R., Cesario , K. A., Dulla, J., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2018). Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.
Moreno, Matthew R. ; Cesario , Karly A. ; Dulla, Joseph ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Lockie, Robert G. / Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.
@conference{8cb298d61e054f8c9016853d7fee3a99,
title = "Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody",
abstract = "Deputy sheriffs are typically required to work in custody prior to patrol. Thesedentary job demands of custody, and lack of a mandated fitness standard, mayinfluence the general health of deputies and their ability to perform patrol jobtasks. The purpose of this study was to examine fitness characteristics of deputiesafter working custody. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 (♂ = 48, ♀= 12; age = 33 ± 6.3 years) deputies from one patrol school class. Health andfitness assessments included: fat mass; body mass index (BMI); resting bloodpressure; grip strength; sit and reach; push-ups and sit-ups in 60 s; and recoveryheart rate from a YMCA 3-min step test as a measure of aerobic fitness. Datawere compared to ACSM age and sex-related norms, or law enforcement normsfor push-ups and sit-ups. Analyzing body fat, 1.69{\%} of the deputies wereclassified as good, 10.17{\%} as fair, 28.81{\%} as poor, and 59.32{\%} as very poor. ForBMI, 18.33{\%} were normal, 45{\%} were overweight, 26.67{\%} were class I obesity,and 10{\%} were class II obesity. For blood pressure, 13.33{\%} of the deputies hadnormal blood pressure, 13.33{\%} had elevated blood pressure, 30{\%} wereconsidered stage 1 hypertension, 41.67{\%} were considered stage 2 hypertension,and 1.67{\%} in a hypertensive crisis. Considering grip strength, 12.07{\%} were aboveaverage, 12.07{\%} were average, 15.52{\%} were below average, while 60.34{\%} werepoor. For the sit and reach, 1.72{\%} were excellent, 10.34{\%} were very good,18.97{\%} were good, 25.86{\%} were fair, and 43.1{\%} were deemed as needingimprovement. When comparing push-ups to other law enforcement officers,13.04{\%} were in the 76th-100th percentile, 34.78{\%} in the 51st-75th, 21.74{\%} in the26th-50th, and 30.43{\%} in the 1st-25th percentile. The same comparison for sit-upsresulted in 10.64{\%} of the class in the 76th-100th percentile, 8.52{\%} in the 51st-75th,36.18{\%} in the 26th-50th, and 44.69{\%} in the 1st-25th percentile. For the YMCA steptest, 5{\%} were above average, 6.67{\%} were average, 21.67{\%} of the deputies werebelow average, 40{\%} poor, and 26.67{\%} very poor. Post custody assignments,deputy sheriffs exhibit health and fitness trends that were below the generalpopulation and other law enforcement officers. Agency staff should encourage,and facilitate, the maintenance of health and fitness of deputies working incustody to ensure deputies are fit for life and duty.",
author = "Moreno, {Matthew R.} and Cesario, {Karly A.} and Joseph Dulla and Orr, {Rob Marc} and Lockie, {Robert G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
language = "English",
note = "The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, SWACSM ; Conference date: 26-10-2018 Through 27-10-2018",
url = "https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest/southwest-l2",

}

Moreno, MR, Cesario , KA, Dulla, J, Orr, RM & Lockie, RG 2018, 'Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody' The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States, 26/10/18 - 27/10/18, .

Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody. / Moreno, Matthew R. ; Cesario , Karly A. ; Dulla, Joseph; Orr, Rob Marc; Lockie, Robert G.

2018. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody

AU - Moreno, Matthew R.

AU - Cesario , Karly A.

AU - Dulla, Joseph

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Lockie, Robert G.

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - Deputy sheriffs are typically required to work in custody prior to patrol. Thesedentary job demands of custody, and lack of a mandated fitness standard, mayinfluence the general health of deputies and their ability to perform patrol jobtasks. The purpose of this study was to examine fitness characteristics of deputiesafter working custody. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 (♂ = 48, ♀= 12; age = 33 ± 6.3 years) deputies from one patrol school class. Health andfitness assessments included: fat mass; body mass index (BMI); resting bloodpressure; grip strength; sit and reach; push-ups and sit-ups in 60 s; and recoveryheart rate from a YMCA 3-min step test as a measure of aerobic fitness. Datawere compared to ACSM age and sex-related norms, or law enforcement normsfor push-ups and sit-ups. Analyzing body fat, 1.69% of the deputies wereclassified as good, 10.17% as fair, 28.81% as poor, and 59.32% as very poor. ForBMI, 18.33% were normal, 45% were overweight, 26.67% were class I obesity,and 10% were class II obesity. For blood pressure, 13.33% of the deputies hadnormal blood pressure, 13.33% had elevated blood pressure, 30% wereconsidered stage 1 hypertension, 41.67% were considered stage 2 hypertension,and 1.67% in a hypertensive crisis. Considering grip strength, 12.07% were aboveaverage, 12.07% were average, 15.52% were below average, while 60.34% werepoor. For the sit and reach, 1.72% were excellent, 10.34% were very good,18.97% were good, 25.86% were fair, and 43.1% were deemed as needingimprovement. When comparing push-ups to other law enforcement officers,13.04% were in the 76th-100th percentile, 34.78% in the 51st-75th, 21.74% in the26th-50th, and 30.43% in the 1st-25th percentile. The same comparison for sit-upsresulted in 10.64% of the class in the 76th-100th percentile, 8.52% in the 51st-75th,36.18% in the 26th-50th, and 44.69% in the 1st-25th percentile. For the YMCA steptest, 5% were above average, 6.67% were average, 21.67% of the deputies werebelow average, 40% poor, and 26.67% very poor. Post custody assignments,deputy sheriffs exhibit health and fitness trends that were below the generalpopulation and other law enforcement officers. Agency staff should encourage,and facilitate, the maintenance of health and fitness of deputies working incustody to ensure deputies are fit for life and duty.

AB - Deputy sheriffs are typically required to work in custody prior to patrol. Thesedentary job demands of custody, and lack of a mandated fitness standard, mayinfluence the general health of deputies and their ability to perform patrol jobtasks. The purpose of this study was to examine fitness characteristics of deputiesafter working custody. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 (♂ = 48, ♀= 12; age = 33 ± 6.3 years) deputies from one patrol school class. Health andfitness assessments included: fat mass; body mass index (BMI); resting bloodpressure; grip strength; sit and reach; push-ups and sit-ups in 60 s; and recoveryheart rate from a YMCA 3-min step test as a measure of aerobic fitness. Datawere compared to ACSM age and sex-related norms, or law enforcement normsfor push-ups and sit-ups. Analyzing body fat, 1.69% of the deputies wereclassified as good, 10.17% as fair, 28.81% as poor, and 59.32% as very poor. ForBMI, 18.33% were normal, 45% were overweight, 26.67% were class I obesity,and 10% were class II obesity. For blood pressure, 13.33% of the deputies hadnormal blood pressure, 13.33% had elevated blood pressure, 30% wereconsidered stage 1 hypertension, 41.67% were considered stage 2 hypertension,and 1.67% in a hypertensive crisis. Considering grip strength, 12.07% were aboveaverage, 12.07% were average, 15.52% were below average, while 60.34% werepoor. For the sit and reach, 1.72% were excellent, 10.34% were very good,18.97% were good, 25.86% were fair, and 43.1% were deemed as needingimprovement. When comparing push-ups to other law enforcement officers,13.04% were in the 76th-100th percentile, 34.78% in the 51st-75th, 21.74% in the26th-50th, and 30.43% in the 1st-25th percentile. The same comparison for sit-upsresulted in 10.64% of the class in the 76th-100th percentile, 8.52% in the 51st-75th,36.18% in the 26th-50th, and 44.69% in the 1st-25th percentile. For the YMCA steptest, 5% were above average, 6.67% were average, 21.67% of the deputies werebelow average, 40% poor, and 26.67% very poor. Post custody assignments,deputy sheriffs exhibit health and fitness trends that were below the generalpopulation and other law enforcement officers. Agency staff should encourage,and facilitate, the maintenance of health and fitness of deputies working incustody to ensure deputies are fit for life and duty.

UR - https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/default-document-library/swacsm-2018-program684bdc1fc67b43fe9b81c68223661da0.pdf?sfvrsn=a95abbd4_0

M3 - Poster

ER -

Moreno MR, Cesario KA, Dulla J, Orr RM, Lockie RG. Fit for Duty, Fit for Life? An Analysis of the Health and Fitness of Deputy Sheriffs after Working in Custody. 2018. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.