Fit (and Healthy) for Duty: Blood Lipid Profiles and Physical Fitness Test Relationships from Police Officers in a Health and Wellness Program

Robert Lockie, Rob Marc Orr, Jay Dawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This research analysed archival health and wellness program data (2018: 169 males,39 females; 2019: 194 males, 43 females) to document police officer lipid profiles, and correlate lipids with fitness. Bloodwork included total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C),high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C), and triglycerides (TG). Fitness data included maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max); sit-and-reach; push-ups; vertical jump; grip strength; sit-ups; and relative bench press (RBP). Lipid profiles were compared to national standards. Spearman’s correlations derived relationships between lipids and fitness (p < 0.05). Over 2018–2019, 68–76% of officers had desirable TC (<200 mg/dL) and HDL-C (60 mg/dL); 67–72% had desirable TG (<150 mg/dL). 54–62% of officers had LDL-C above desirable (100 mg/dL); 13–14% had mildly high TG (150–199 mg/dL);16–18% had high TG (200–499 mg/dL). In 2018, HDL-C correlated with VO2max, push-ups, grip strength, and RBP in males, and sit-ups in females. TG correlated with VO2max (both sexes), sit-ups(males), and grip strength (females). In 2019, TG related to VO2max, push-ups, vertical jump, sit-ups, and RBP in males. TG and LDL-C related to push-ups, and HDL-C to sit-ups and RBP in females. Relationship strengths were trivial-to-small (r = 0.157 􀀀 0.389). Most officers had good lipid profiles relative to cardiovascular disease risk. Nonetheless, the data highlighted the need for comprehensive approaches to decreasing risk.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5408
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2022

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