Factor structure of the Gotland Scale of male depression in two samples of men with prostate cancer: Implications for treating male depression

Christopher F. Sharpley*, Vicki Bitsika, David R H Christie, Myra S. Hunter

*Corresponding author for this work

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Up to a quarter of all prostate cancer (PCa) patients suffer from clinically significant depression but treatments are inconsistent and short-lived in their efficacy. One possible reason could be that “male depression” is not adequately diagnosed by the criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) used in many clinical settings. In response to this limitation, the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD) was developed to identify the extra symptoms of MDD in men. Although the factor structure of the GSMD has been reported in non-PCa samples, it has not been determined for this group of men. Two samples of PCa patients were recruited, 191 from Australia and 138 from the United Kingdom and all patients received the GSMD individually, plus a background questionnaire. Two-factor solutions were identified for each of the two samples. The Australian sample was characterized by changes in emotional and somatic function, followed by depressed mood. The U.K. sample exhibited the same two-factor solution but in reverse order of weighting. Targeted treatments for depression in PCa patients may benefit from identification of the loadings that individual patients have on these two GSMD factors so that specific clinical profiles and treatment needs may be based on this information about their depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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