Previous research shows that the speed and accuracy of recognising emotional expressions depends on other social information available on faces. For example, the happy categorisation advantage—the faster categorisation of happiness than of other negative expressions—is observed when the expresser is a young adult, but not an older adult. The aim of the current study was to examine how cues of youthfulness rather than old age influence emotion recognition. Across two experiments using faces sourced from different face databases, participants (Experiment 1, N = 148; Experiment 2, N = 192) categorised happy vs. angry, happy vs. fearful, and happy vs. sad expressions on faces of children and young adults as quickly and accurately as possible. Overall, the happy categorisation advantage was significantly larger for child than for adult faces when participants were categorising happiness vs. anger or fear, but not when categorising happiness vs. sadness. These results are most consistent with the evaluative congruence account, which proposes that relatively positive evaluations of children facilitates a larger happy advantage for children’s faces.
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2019|
|Event||48th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists - Sydney, Australia|
Duration: 25 Apr 2019 → 27 Apr 2019
Conference number: 48th
|Conference||48th Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychologists|
|Abbreviated title||SASP 2019|
|Period||25/04/19 → 27/04/19|