Exploring the victim-offender overlap at the intra-individual level: Reimagining justice for crimes of interpersonal violence

RA Lincoln, Gaelle Brotto

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Abstract

There is increasing sophistication in the international empirical research that examines the concordance between crime victims and criminal offenders, known as the victim-offender overlap. Studies have differentiated groupings of offenders only, victims only, and neither victims nor offenders, but there remains considerable evidence for the co-occurrence of victimisation and offending. The link has been identified for most crime types, found to possess some stability over the lifecourse, and is supported by theories such as routine activities, self-control, and general strain. Despite long-standing substantiation of the overlap, there is persistent bifurcation between victims and offenders within community, media, and governmental discourse that can impact justice processes, and can also influence research endeavours. Drawing on an Australian sample of self-identified adult female victims of interpersonal violence this paper extends the line of inquiry into the overlap. The results suggest that behavioural characteristics and personality traits have the potential to elevate risk of involvement in interpersonal violence. Specifically, the regression analysis revealed that low self-control and negative emotions (impulsivity, social anxiety, and anger), were significant predictors of future risk taking and anti-social behaviours. The study has implications for enhancing our theoretical knowledge about the overlap, and for reframing policies and reinventing programs in the domain of interpersonal violence.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2019
Event32nd Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology Conference: Justice Reimagined: The intersection between academia, government, industry and the community - Perth, Perth, Australia
Duration: 10 Dec 201913 Dec 2019
Conference number: 32nd
http://anzsocconference.com.au/

Conference

Conference32nd Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology Conference
Abbreviated titleANZSOC
CountryAustralia
CityPerth
Period10/12/1913/12/19
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Lincoln, RA., & Brotto, G. (2019). Exploring the victim-offender overlap at the intra-individual level: Reimagining justice for crimes of interpersonal violence. Abstract from 32nd Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology Conference, Perth, Australia.