Exploring attitudes towards smoking behaviour and cessation among hospitalised smokers via a socio-ecological framework: A scoping review

Obumneke Obieche, Megan Lee, Nasim Salehi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable mortality and disability. Smoke-free policies in healthcare settings have been implemented as a public health measure. This scoping review aims to explore attitudes on smokers’ cessation in smoke-free healthcare settings using a socio-ecological framework.
Methods: Four databases were searched for terms: smoking cessation, patient attitudes, and smoke-free policy. Of 420 studies, 17 met full inclusion criteria.
Results: The review identified four socio-ecological aspects of smoking cessation in smoke-free healthcare settings: Intrapersonal factors (health literacy, health conditions, and self-efficacy), interpersonal factors (social support, peer pressure, and social responsibility), healthcare factors (perceived mixed messages, healthcare setting, clinical, psychosocial and health promotion supports), and societal factors (restrictions on smoking in a public place and social acceptability of smoking). Smoke-free policies effectively encouraged cessation in some patients but were ineffective in those that felt a loss of autonomy. Provision of smoke breaks within smoke-free policies was considered a mixed message.
Conclusions: Holistic strategies are required to interconnect the four socio-ecological dimensions for successful smoking cessation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107040
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume122
Early online date2 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

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