Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss

Gary R. Hunter, David W. Brock, Nuala M. Byrne, Paula C. Chandler-Laney, Pedro Del Corral, Barbara A. Gower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine what effect aerobic and resistance exercise training has on gain of visceral fat during the year following weight loss. After being randomly assigned to aerobic training, resistance training, or no exercise training, 45 European-American (EA) and 52 African-American (AA) women lost 12.3 2.5kg on a 800kcal/day diet. Computed tomography was used to measure abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue, whereas total fat and regional fat (leg, arm, and trunk) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry after weight loss and 1 year following the weight loss. Because not all the subjects adhered to the 2 time/week 40min/day exercise training during the 1-year follow-up, subjects were divided into five groups for analysis: aerobic adherers, aerobic nonadherers, resistance adherers, resistance nonadherers, and no exercise. No significant differences were observed between the aerobic training and resistance training adherers for any variable. However, the aerobic (3.1kg) and resistance (3.9kg) exercise adherers gained less weight than any of the other three groups (all >6.2kg). In addition, the two exercise adherence groups did not significantly increase visceral fat (<0.8%) as compared with the 38% increase for the two nonadhering exercise groups and the 25% for the nonexercise group. In conclusion, as little as 80min/week aerobic or resistance training had modest positive effects on preventing weight regain following a diet-induced weight loss. More importantly, both aerobic and resistance training prevented regain of potentially harmful visceral fat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-695
Number of pages6
JournalObesity
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intra-Abdominal Fat
Weight Loss
Resistance Training
Exercise
Fats
Abdominal Subcutaneous Fat
Reducing Diet
Weights and Measures
Photon Absorptiometry
African Americans
Leg
Arm
Tomography
Diet

Cite this

Hunter, G. R., Brock, D. W., Byrne, N. M., Chandler-Laney, P. C., Del Corral, P., & Gower, B. A. (2010). Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss. Obesity, 18(4), 690-695. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.316
Hunter, Gary R. ; Brock, David W. ; Byrne, Nuala M. ; Chandler-Laney, Paula C. ; Del Corral, Pedro ; Gower, Barbara A. / Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss. In: Obesity. 2010 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 690-695.
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Hunter, GR, Brock, DW, Byrne, NM, Chandler-Laney, PC, Del Corral, P & Gower, BA 2010, 'Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss' Obesity, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 690-695. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.316

Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss. / Hunter, Gary R.; Brock, David W.; Byrne, Nuala M.; Chandler-Laney, Paula C.; Del Corral, Pedro; Gower, Barbara A.

In: Obesity, Vol. 18, No. 4, 04.2010, p. 690-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Hunter GR, Brock DW, Byrne NM, Chandler-Laney PC, Del Corral P, Gower BA. Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss. Obesity. 2010 Apr;18(4):690-695. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.316