Examining the influence of participant performance factors on contractor satisfaction: A structural equation model

Bo Xiong*, Martin Skitmore, Bo Xia, Md Asrul Masrom, Kunhui Ye, Adrian Bridge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)


Participant performance is critical to the success of projects. At the same time, enhancing the satisfaction of participants not only helps in problem solving but also improves their motivation and cooperation. However, previous research related to participant satisfaction is primarily concerned with clients and customers and relatively little attention has been paid to contractors.This paper investigates how the performance of project participants affects contractor project satisfaction in terms of the client's clarity of objectives (OC) and promptness of payments (PP), designer carefulness (DC), construction risk management (RM), the effectiveness of their contribution (EW) and mutual respect and trust (RT). With 125 valid responses from contractors in Malaysia, a contractor satisfaction model is developed based on structural equation modelling.The results demonstrate the necessity for dividing abstract satisfaction into two dimensions, comprising economic-related satisfaction (ES) and production-related satisfaction (PS), with DC, OC, PP and RM having significant effects on ES, while DC, OC, EW and RM influence PS. In addition, the model tests the indirect effects of these performance variables on ES and PS. In particular, OC indirectly affects ES and PS through mediation of RM and DC respectively. The results also provide opportunities for improving contractor satisfaction and supplementing the contractor selection criteria for clients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-491
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


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