Examining relationships among family influence, family culture, flexible planning systems, innovativeness and firm performance

Justin B. Craig*, Clay Dibrell, Robert Garrett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this article is to draw on the resource-based view of the firm and the upper echelons theoretical perspective to position family influence, family business culture and flexible planning systems as drivers of firm innovativeness, and subsequently firm performance. We establish these relationships using SEM statistical techniques to analyze responses of small- to medium-sized family businesses using established survey instruments. We find evidence that family influence positively influences family culture, that family culture improves the ability of families to be strategically flexible and that this flexibility positively impacts firm innovativeness, subsequently benefitting firm performance. The implications for practitioners are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Business Strategy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


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